Rs may remind us of another Islamic tradition the Shi a The members of the Prophet s family the descendants of his *cousin Ali and daughter Fatimah had been subject for centuries of persecution The Shi a Imams had always *Ali and daughter Fatimah had been subject for centuries of persecution The Shi a Imams had always to be the rightous spiritual and political successors of the Prophet having access to and being able to interpret the divine law They were decidedly pious and defensive and all were martyred by Umayyad or Abbasid usurpers Cole does not entertain this interesting aspect of an entirely peaceful Islam in his book Interesting book Very well researched perspectivesgreat read This is an excellent Book Juan Cole As An Historian Provides Juan Cole as an Historian provides consistently from the uran that Muhammad was peaceful and that all wars were waged in self defence More over he also proves that the uran respects Jews and ChristiansThese are just two of the many examples Juan Cole gives which are right belowSurah The Cow verse 2190 says fight in the path of God those who enter into combat against ou but do not commit aggression God does not love aggressors Surah The Cow Verse 262 Proclaims Those who believed and the Jewsand the Christians and the Sabians and whoever has believed in God and the Last Day and performed good works they shall have their reward with their lor. T power instead of military might and sought armistices even when militarily attacked Cole sheds light on this forgotten history reminding us that in the ur'an the legacy of that spiritual message endures A vibrant history that brings to life the fascinating and complex world of the Prophet Muhammad is the story of how peace is the rule and not the exception for one of the world's most practiced religion.Gions in order to protect him from being accused of plagiarism In contrast Cole is right when he characterizes Muhammad wealthy business woman Khadija s husband as highly skilled and educated international tradesman who freuently traveled with his caravans to the economic and cultural centers of Palestine and the Levant Muhammad had heard with horror of Jerusalem economic and cultural centers of Palestine and the Levant Muhammad had heard with horror of Jerusalem fall to the Sasanian general Sharbaraz in 614 just after surah ar Rum had been revealed Numerous neologisms in the ur an prove that Muhammad mastered Aramaic as well as possibly Greek He was well aware of then popular stories like the Alexander Romance as well as the tale of the Seven Sleepers Both stories are referred to in surah 18 al KahfCole interestingly interprets the conflict between Mecca and Medina as sort of a proxy war of the two main adversaries in the first half of the 7th century the Byzantine and Sasanian Empires It becomes clear that Mecca Sasanian sphere of influence was the aggressor while Muhammad was able to capture Mecca in 630 without any bloodshedThe unholy blending of what can be found in the ur an and highly unreliable ahadith the traditions of the Prophet and sira in later centuries has done lots of damage to the religion of Islam Umayyad and Abbasid violent conuests and civil wa. In story Cole shows how Muhammad came of age in an era of unparalleled violence The eastern Roman Empire and the Sasanian Empire of Iran fought savagely throughout the Near East and Asia Minor Muhammad's profound distress at the carnage of his times led him to envision an alternative movement one firmly grounded in peace The religion Muhammad founded Islam spread widely during his lifetime relying on sof. .
Received in good condition At first i did not like the book because i thought it was giving too much attention to because i thought it was giving too much attention to political situation of the arabia and the world I felt like i was with a tour guide touring the areaI even thought of returning the book but decided to read itBut after first chapter it became interesting and focused on the topic and justified the *TitleI Am Glad I *am glad i itVery well researched and enlightening book Juan Cole Professor of History at Michigan University in Ann Arbor has suggested interesting theories about the overall peaceful intent of the ur an In times of intensified Islamophobia not only in the US his revision of certain key surahs in the context of geopolitical events in the 7th century are most welcomeThat the new faith should be spread by the sword or through holy war cannot be found in the ur an Cole s comprehensible approach is that he carefully re reads the scripture but considers the prophet s biography al Sira al Nabawiyya which had been formulated long after the unprecedented triumph of Islam and far reaching conuests under the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphs as unreliable hagiography Later Muslims had to paint the picture of an illiterate Prophet who was not even aware of the scriptures of the two other monotheistic reli. In the midst of the dramatic seventh century war between two empires Muhammad was a spiritual seeker in search of community and sanctuary Many observers stereotype Islam and its scripture as inherently extreme or violent a narrative that has overshadowed the truth of its roots In this masterfully told account preeminent Middle East expert Juan Cole takes us back to Islam's and the Prophet Muhammad's orig. ,