Delusions of Gender The Real Science Behind Sex Differences (PDF)

The Madrasa in Asia dHas worked out that those blobs mean something significantYou might have been lead to believe that they haveone these tests and seen the blobs lighting up and they by they I mean the guys in white have seen blobs firing away in the touchy feely side of women s brains and at the same time and with the same stimuli blobs lighting up in the hard edged logical sides of men s brains so everything still holds true right Well it s not uite as simply as that When the author set out to follow up on some of the research that leads to the million sale books of neurosexism mentioned earlier sometimes that research was found to be somewhat lacking Did you know that the much uoted and much relied on fact that women are better able to use both sides of their brain for tasks Living from a Place of Surrender due to their much extensive corpus callosum was actually based on research on only fourteen brains and besides which the result from this research upon which so many sexist assumptions have been basedidn t even reach statistical significance The thing that this book shows time and again is just how much edifice can be built on incredibly shaky foundations Sometimes it shows no foundations at allHer The Affirmative Action Empire Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union 1923 1939 Wilder House Series in Politics History and Culture demolition of just a small section of The Female Brain is worth the price of the book Surely the fraudulent behaviour of the author of The Female Brain ought toisualify her for life from being able to write another book but I see that Bound to the Alien Barbarian (Crashland Castaway, despite a review in Nature after her first book was printed pointing out the remarkable in fact incomprehensible and gobsmacking weaknesses andown right misinformation in that book she was able to publish another on much the same topic called The Male Brain I cannot begin to tell you how outraged I am about this uite simply such work is lying and there should be an appropriate punishmentThis book contains a long section on what is becoming a particularly fascinating area of research for me called stereotype threat This is BWWM (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 2090 (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 2090: Billionaires Secret Baby (BWWM Interracial African American Romance Urban Baby Romance Short Stories) detailed in Predictably Irrational The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions and I spent the first half of the year reading many of the research papers sheiscusses here if I Annotated Algorithms in Python d read this book at the start of the year it would have made my life so much easier Stereotype threat is the remarkable situation where you can take a group of Asian women and prime half of them to think of themselves as women and the other half to think of themselves as Asian and given our stereotypes of both groups they will perform either better or worse on a maths testepending on how they have been primed And the subtle the priming the effective the result will be Merely getting women to tick a box on an exam paper stating whether they are male or female is enough to reduce their potential scoreThere is a pervasive belief particularly among middleclass parents that they already have tried to bring their kids up in a way that is gender neutral and it simp This is a remarkably good book and anyone who s remotely interested in claims that there might be inherent Thresholds of Change in African Literature differences in mental function between men and women should read it It s insightful carefully researched well written and often very funny And if itoesn t make you change your mind about at least a few things in this area you are either a remarkably knowledgable person or an incurable bigotI had read a few books and articles that touched on the subject of inherent gender Exploring African Life and Literature: Novel Guides to Promote Socially Responsive Learning differences and I m afraid I had swallowed them rather uncritically Without understanding any of theetails I had absorbed the vague idea that science had now established with the help of modern neuro imaging techniues that there were clear Talk That Talk: An Anthology of African-American Storytelling differences between male and female brains Men had stronger spatial and mathematical skills and women had stronger verbal and emotional skills and this allovetailed sensibly with various biological and evolutionary storiesFine who works in psychology and appears to know the literature well Possessive Alien Warrior demonstrates that this story absolutely fails to stand up to critical examination The science of genderifferences turns out to be very bad science indeed it seems that everyone has an agenda and is willing to Taking Charge of My Mind and Body: A Girl's Guide to Outsmarting Alcohol, Drug, Smoking, Eating Problems do whatever it takes to advance it Researchers carry out poorlyesigned experiments with inadeuate numbers of subjects and then Learn to Listen, Listen to Learn 2 draw sweeping conclusions fromifferences which are not even clearly significant They look at coarse measures of activation in parts of the brain whose functions are still largely unclear and mysteriously The Art and Alchemy of Chinese Tea deduce general cognitive principles relying on the fact that few people know how to interpret a brain scan In surprisingly many cases they flat out lie I am shocked though I suppose this just shows how naive I am I have worked for a long time in Artificial Intelligence a field that is notorious for overhyping its achievements Somehow I had thought these people were better than us but thatoes not appear to be trueHaving read Fine s masterly Sensible Politics demolition job it is tempting to jump to the other extreme and conclude that there are no inherentifferences between male and female minds and that those The Aliens differences we see are entirelyue to social conditioning I The Second Mexican American War do not think however that that would be true to theeeper spirit of the book Fine who comes across as an admirable person is upfront about the fact that no one is neutral in this BWWM (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 3 (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 3: Billionaires Secret Baby (BWWM Interracial African American Romance Urban Baby Romance Short Stories) debate and sheoes not even pretend to be neutral herself this is indeed one of the things which makes her writing so amusing She shows how researchers time after time have made claims about gender ifferences which in hindsight have turned out to be utterly absurd The rational response is to be as skeptical as possible about all such claims and I will pay Fine the compliment of treating her own arguments with the same skepticism I am indeed convinced by the way she refutes arguments that women are incapable of performing as well as men on a variety of tasks where they have traditionally been supposed inferior The section on the notorious spatial rotation task was particularly startling But there are all the same a number of facts which I o not think was particularly startling But there are all the same a number of facts which I Understanding Algorithms and Flowcharts (Fundamentals of Modern Information Technology Book 1) do not think obviously explained inside the framework sheescribes here With some misgivings I will outline what they are To begin there is the uncontroversial fact that autism and Asperger s Syndrome are far common in men than in women I know a fair amount about this from personal experience my older son is autistic and I have spent a large part of my life interacting with chessplayers computer scientists mathematicians and other groups where Asperger s types turn out to be common It is hard to believe that this is coincidential The highly focused obsessive narrow Asperger s mindset seems to be a natural fit to these occupations or exactly to certain ways of approaching these occupations I would like to make it clear that I am in no way saying that women cannot be chessplayers mathematicians or computer scientists I know many women who are world class in these fields But there is a way of Its Been Said Before doing such things which is characteristically Asperger sautistic and hence characteristically male The clearest and most extreme example I can come up with is inventing a new chess opening There are several hundred accepted chess openings and to the best of my knowledge none of them have been invented by women Why is this Obviously Ion t know but here are some thoughts Inventing a chess opening is something that reuires a great True Crime in the Civil War: Cases of Murder, Treason, Counterfeiting, Massacre, Plunder Abuse deal of talent and hard work but there is something to it than that which is hard to pinown the best Cutting Down Trees: Gender, Nutrition, and Agricultural Change in the Northern Province of Zambia, 1890-1990 (Social History of Africa Series) description I have seen is in Lev Polugaevsky s wonderful book Grandmaster Preparation which I have read many times Basically inventing an opening is not a useful activity in any normal sense of the word Most strong chessplayers most World Champions even have never invented an opening It is not likely to make you successful competitively since most new openings are soon refuted and fall intoisuse the rational thing to The Alchemical Marriage of Alistair Crompton do from this point of view is to use other people s openings It is not necessarily very creative The real reward is that it appeals to a kind of stubbornness The person who invents the opening goes his own way against the whole world just to show that he can Thinking in this way is a kind of madness that is much commoner in men It is not so much that women can to it it is that hardly any women can see why they would want to Dry do it which is entirely sensible But somehow society as a whole seems to benefit from the existence of this small group of people who are willfullyifferent even if the majority of them have wasted their lives without achieving anything Chess is a richer and interesting game because there are all these Engaging Tradition, Making It New different paths one can takeSo Fine hasn t convinced me that men and women reallyo think alike at the Voices from the Block deepest level I believe it will be a long time before we understand what s going on there But she has convinced me that the facile arguments about brain scans proving that women are inherently wired to read emotions but not to understand calculus are utter crap If you haven t alreadyone so check out this book Postscript about a year and a half laterI m glad to say that I might have been wrong about women and chess openings Looking at Bologan s book on the Chebanenko Slav it certainly seems like there s a case for a Stefanova Variation it goes 1 Scalawag d45 2 c4 c6 3 Nf3 Nf6 4 Nc3 a6 5 a4 e6 6 Bg5 and now Stefanova s trademark reply is 6 a5 reaching the following positionBologan thinks it may be the best move and explicitly mentions former Women s World Champion Antoaneta Stefanova as the person who s Acting on Faith done most to help make it respectable indeed a uick look at the Chessbase online gameatabase shows that she s Alien Beast defended this position eight timesrawing seven and winning one One of her opponents was Beliavsky a previous top 10 player and still very strongGo Stefanova Surely others will follow where she has led Update Apr 20 2015Former World Championship finalist Nigel Short enters the The Mom From Hell debateetails hereDespite the fact that my lifetime score against Grandmaster Short is 2 0 in my favor I would like to make it clear that I in no way consider myself intelligent than he is Statistics can be very misleading when taken out of context Update May 30 2015The Chessbase site today posted another piece on gender ifferences in chess and academia Women in chess the role of innate ability beliefs by Wei Ji Ma Although the paper is interesting and makes some excellent points I m struck by the way the participants in this ebate seem to be talking past each other Ma says early on that the available statistical evidence indicates that gender O Fantástico Mundo Dos Elementos A Tabela Periódica Personificada differences in achievement are largely or entirelyue to Aliens Savage Claim (Fated Mates of Apara Book 2) differences in participation But this is exactly what the Howard study uoted by Short claims is not trueI think we need actualata here It would be particularly interesting to see the Howard analysis repeated with proper attention paid to obvious sources of bias introduced by the fact that women play isproportionately often against other women Update Feb 2 2016Nigel Short whose comments about women and chess have been widely circulated lost earlier this week to Harika Dronavalli India in the third round of the Gibraltar Masters Despite the fact that GM Harika thoroughly outplayed

HIM AND WON A GOOD GAME 
and won a good game Black it would be premature to raw any sweeping conclusions from *A SINGLE RESULT UPDATE APR 15 *single result Update Apr 15 Yifan the highest rated woman player in the world posted a isappointing loss against Vassily Ivanchuk in their recent match But today she came back strong in the first round of the GRENKE Classic and estroyed Fabiano Caruana who s currently World 4 She then followed up by beating Meier a normally very solid German grandmaster and Boku No Hero Academia Artbook drawing with World Champion CarlsenGo Hou Update Apr 19 2017From a recent interview with chess legend Alexander MorozevichBetween a man and a woman there areifferences and significant ones but we re all first and foremost people Can I simply looking at the notation of a game say that it was played by a woman I tried it a couple of times and I Cowboys Aliens didn t manage there are no clearifferences In the results meanwhile there are Masterplots II differences and only a few women have so far been capable of playing on the level of the men s Top 100 and Ion t fully understand why that s the case In other intellectual games the proportions are or less the same with the very top occupied by men It would be interesting to Black Love, Black Hate do research on that topic Women in chess have one undoubted advantage they can play in men s tournaments while we can t play in women s I once asked a FIDE official Why is there such an injustice His answer surpassed all my expectations You understand there s a World Championship for women and a World Championship for people Update Aug 2 2017Hou Yifan just won the Biel Grandmaster tournament ahead of a field that included a former world champion a former world championship challenger and three other players currently in the world top 40 Details hereNice going Hou. Erent explanation of theissimilarities between men’s and women’s behavior Instead of a “male brain” and a “female brain” Fine gives us a glimpse of plastic mutable minds that are continuously influenced by cultural assumptions about gender Passionately argued and unfailingly astute Delusions of Gender provides us with a much needed corrective to the belief that men’s and women’s brains are intrinsically Barlowe's Guide to Extraterrestrials: Great Aliens from Science Fiction Literature different a belief that as Fine shows with insight and humor all too often works to theetriment of ourselves and our socie. ,
Delusions of Gender The Real Science Behind Sex DifferencesThis nature vs nurture Fundamentals of Music Processing debate is getting oldThis book argues against the claim that women and men haveifferent brains and that this Kink Alchemy difference causes women to be significantly better or worse at some things and men significantly better or worse at others As far as I knew few legitimate scientists today make this claim which is clearly sexist and would justifyiscrimination so I was pretty surprised and somewhat skeptical to African American Romance (New Adult and College United Sates Thug Drug Interracial Romance) (United State Urban Adults Alpha Male Contemporary Billionaire Short Stories Book 0) discover this immense sexist contingent among brain scientists and psychologists some of whom are women I ve heard of some of them Steven and Susan Pinker were clearly misrepresented Others such John Gray aren t even scientistsThis book spends most of its pages presenting psychological studies showing that people are suggestible that messages from the culture can influence one s confidence and feeling of belonging even their very identity and personality and that this can impact their abilities to perform or their interest in a subject All thisoes is show that society can influence people not that brain No Billionaire Left Behind differences can tMany of the studies in this book seem legitimate and factual Some of it was pretty persuasive and really made me think But the presentation of these studies often seemed to exaggerate them For example afteriscussing subtle ways social cues and whether one feels they belong can influence people to prefer and perform Alchemy of the Mortar Pestle (The Culinary Library differently all very reasonable the book concludes A few words to the effect that a Y chromosome will serve in your favor or a sprucing up of the interioresign is all that it takes to bring about surprisingly substantial changes in career interest Having seen what effect on career interests a simple brief manipulation in the lab can have one can t help but wonder at the cumulative influence of that giant inescapable social psychology lab known as lifeWait so there were some findings of subtle influence in a lab and so the book s conclusion based only on one can t help but wonder is that only a few words is all it takes for substantial changes in career interest in life That s a huge exaggeration of the findings It s also pure speculation based on ideology not facts based on evidence Actually it seems pretty sexist to claim that women are so flimsy and suggestible It sounds suspiciously like the La crise des abeilles delicate flower argument of traditionalists Be careful what you say to girls lest you crush their fragile little spirits I know it would take a hell of a lot than a few words to talk me out of myreamsHere s another gem This anecdote suggests a workplace environment that tolerates a Labyrinth Aliens deepisrespect for women Mmm anecodotes suggesting The Vintage Book of African American Poetry deep things Now there s some seriously rigorous researchSometimes she s clearly reaching Like when she talks about a study that found genderifferences in babies who are only one You Can Thrive After Narcissistic Abuse day old She claims this study was flawed because there could have been some socialization that happened in that oneay since their birthAn argument this book uses over and over again is scientists were wrong before I can almost hear neener neener behind the words So what Scientists are wrong all the time That s how science works Being wrong isn t cause for Passed on: African American Mourning Stories: A Memorial (A John Hope Franklin Center Book) dismissal in science That s what ideologyoes Being wrong in the past IELTS Academic Writing does not imply claims in the present are false This is called the continuum fallacy and it s usually employed by pseudoscience cranks like creationists and global warmingeniersConsider the facts that are not in IELTS Writing Section - How To Achieve A Target 8 Score dispute We know that humans are a sexuallyimorphic species Men and women are physically Growing Up Black: From Slave Days to the Present-25 African-Americans Reveal the Trials and Triumphs of Their Childhoods different They haveifferent reproductive systems and Windows PowerShell in Action different physical proportions We know that sexual selection is a part of the evolutionary process and we know that males and females have had vastlyifferent selective pressures which have manifested as The Literature of Africa and African Continuum different mating behaviors in all otherimorphic speciesSo this theory that all of gender psychology is socialized is extremely tenuous It I've Got This Friend Who What You Can Do If You Think You or Your Friend Has A Serious Problem Advice for Teens on Alcohol Drugs Depression Eating Disorders and More does not suare with what we know about evolution All that is reuired to falsify it is evidence of only oneifference It only takes evidence of one innate psychological Mindful Eating with Delicious Raw Vegan Recipes difference between men and women to prove that there is at least SOMEifference Once that is established then it s only a uestion of which Aliens Genocide Aliens differences are genetic and how significant they areSince that is all that is reuired and since this theory is based on presuppositions from feminist ideology than evidence based the easiest way toisprove it is to offer one piece of evidence that coincides with mainstream feminist ideology so they cannot possibly Signs and Symbols: African Images in African-American Quilts dispute it I willo that nowMost psychologists now agree that sexual preference is at least in part an innate psychological characteristic Homosexuality is innate in some individuals For the rest of us men are innately attracted to women and women are innately attracted to men On average there is a vast Person in the Memory difference between men and women as to which gender they find sexually appealing You cannot socialize children to be gay so there is no reason toeny gays the right to marry and it s abusive to try to socialize young homosexuals to be heterosexual This is a position most feminists take very strongly and it s clearly an innate psychological Stealing the Gila: The Pima Agricultural Economy and Water Deprivation, 1848-1921 difference between men and womenThe exception is lesbian feminism This is the position that sexual orientation is socialized and that lesbianism is a choice and therefore a legitimate political act However this form of feminism is extremely contentious within the movement as it opens theoor for homophobiaOh and then you have Literature and Dictatorship in Africa and Latin America 1958-1987 difference feminism complete with their own uack psychologists such as Carol Gilligan who claim that yes there are innateifferences between men and women but that women s way of knowing is superior to men s I wonder why this wasn t one of those sexist psychologists with talk of brain Academic Advising Approaches differences between men and women to beebunked in this book Strange that It seems fallacious gender research gets a free pass as long as it s sexist in the right WHOS WHO IN AFRICAN AMERICAN LITERATURE VOL.1 direction Indeed this book seems to be on board withifference feminism in the chapter Backwards and in High Heels ie everything a man can Agricultural Science for CSEC Examinations do a woman cano better in spite of all society Alphas Abused Mate does to limit her that s how bad ass she isThis isn t science It s reasoning based on what s politically expedient and expecting reality to conform to that If there are innateifferences then she should just say so and stop euivocating then we can get on to the interesting we can get on to the interesting of how much ifference is innate and how significant those ifferences are It may very well turn out that women are superior to men but they can t simultaneously be better and the sameThe sad thing is this book is very interesting and insightful in so many other ways in outlining some ways human behavior is socialized It could very easily have been a valuable part of that Climate Smart Agriculture (Natural Resource Management and Policy Book 52) discussion Why can t that be enough The intellectually honest position would have been to admit that there is much we stillon t understand about human psychology and the evidence so far seems to indicate that there is at least some Academic Body difference between the psychology of men and women but that it is the belief of the author that theseifferences are not hugely significant and that socialization also plays a major role If that s all she Saint Germain On Alchemy did I have trusted this book so much As it stands I find myself Chasing the Red Queen dubious even of claims that sound reasonableAdvice for the author check your ideology at theoor and let the evidence speak for itself rather than trying to exaggerate or stretch it to fit into your worldview Oh and knock off all the outrage How you feel about what scientists Haylee discover has no bearing on the merit of their research It onlyiscredits your presentation of it by making readers suspicious of confirmation bias and emotional reasoning It feels less like science and like propaganda At best it is merely The Columbia Guide to South African Literature in English Since 1945 (The Columbia Guides to Literature Since 1945) distractingIf you like this book please read The Blank Slate It will show you a completelyifferent side of this issue I really think all educators need to read this book Fine s target is the new gender essentialism the reconstructed sexism that attempts to put women back in their traditional roles as unbenders of husbands brows and caregivers to children and to keep them out of politics mathematics and the sciences by asserting that they are fitted for their place by essential female abilities and incapacities In 1869 the philosopher John Stuart Mill in his book The Subjection of Women was severe on this fallacy but like a zombie it just keeps getting up backed by the bad science fad of the Hijacking the Brain day Neurosexists are advising school leaders to adjust their teaching for genderifferences and with the threat of empathy based math looming Fine felt she must call a halt She se Let me boil the book 僕のヒーローアカデミア 3-4 down for the busy reader whenever someone chooses to ignore all theocumented evidence of The Path to Gay Rights discrimination in favor of just so stories about biology in order to keep right oniscriminating you can *take their evidence as having all the validity of the presenter s good intentions to *their evidence as having all the validity of the presenter s good intentions to Karen vs Alien discriminationSorry that was a long and awkward summation In justice to the book I prefer to be pithy funny and understandable Fine has tackled an immense and largely thankless task First she s read all those awful gender essentialist pop psych books for which she should receive medals cookies and probably hazard pay Next she s actually gone through all the books and articles making claims about how neurobiology is gender Gendered Citizenships destiny That task involved a lot of the work of Simon Baron Cohen who among other things publishes on autism in a sexist and really annoying way Then she went through the references of these many works and actually looked at the studies to show where they were bad and often where they just plainon t say what the authors claim they o Finally she puts it all together along with research from many other areas in a way that is ryly amusing occasionally snarky but I think probably very clear even for those who on t read medical journals for workA sample which amused meSo let us with healthy skepticism summarize all of this as clearly as we can Nonexistent sex ifferences in language lateralization mediated by nonexistent sex Alchemic differences in corpus callosum structure are widely believed to explain nonexistent sexifferences in language skillsConfusedWe ve only just begun It s brilliant and authoritative and she loathes bad science reporting just as much as I We Sell Drugs do so of course I love it But I recommend it to others who might be curious about the topic as well as those who enjoy seeing bad science thoroughly mockedLawrence Sumner for example Men Can t Be Bothered to Be Nice Women Can t be Taught to Be Smart and the likeIo so I m just guessing what the non scientist would thinkLibrary copy Israeli study shows that blinding math tests lowers boys grades and raises girls just as blinded auditions changed orchestrasJust to be clear It is not possible to find biological Problem Solving in Data Structures Algorithms Using C++ determinants of gender because gender is learned social behavior and as such varies significantly between social groups and over time If I had aollar for every time someone friend reuested me on Goodreads because of my gender a guy who reads wow I would probably have enough money to buy a new Kindle As a male who loves books and aims for a career in clinicalcounseling psychology a and female Literature of Africa dominated field part of me has always wondered whether I just lack the typical male brain Are girls biologically geared toward the humanities and males toward the hard sciences Do women really empathize than men because of their brain chemistryCordelia Fine offers a clear answer no In Delusions of Gender she unravels the myth that we can chalk up genderifferences to our neurology With a keen and unrelenting eye she examines scientific theories and misconceptions like the role testosterone plays in the fetus She Women and Sustainable Agriculture: Interviews With 14 Agents of Change dedicates a large portion of the book to knockingown neurosexism In recent years several individuals have boasted about experiments that use fMRI and PET scans to Crossing the color line in American politics and African American literature detectifferences in the brain Fine makes sure to reveal the flaws associated with those studies and why we should be skeptical of the conclusions they espouseInstead of relying on faulty science Fine approaches gender Rebuilding differences from a psychological and sociological perspective As a psychology major I loved her incorporation of self fulfilling prophecy and stereotype threat such as including a study about how women who had to check a gender box either male or female performed worse on an exam than women who took the test without marking their gender The section about gender neutral parenting stood out to me too It s not enough to just offer our children toys stereotypically associated with the opposing gender especially when genderistinctions arise so soonHighly recommended for those interested in feminism neuroscience psychology or gender studies In contemporary society we often cling to claims made by people with scien. “Fine’s sharp tongue is tempered with humor Read this book and see how complex and fascinating the whole issue is” The New York TimesIt’s the twenty first century and although we tried to rear unisex children boys who play with Intro to Alien Invasion dolls and girls who like trucks we failed Even though the glass ceiling is cracked most women stay comfortably beneath it And everywhere we hear about vitally important “hardwired”ifferences between male and female brains The neuroscience that we read about in magazines newspaper articles books and sometim. ,

Tific backgrounds even though some of those claims have no legitimate support I Therapy of Love didn t go into too muchepth about all of Fine s arguments in this review but she invested a laudable amount of effort into Delusions of Gender the book has about 100 pages of citations and her writing conveys her passion as well Truly a brilliant book And laugh out loud funny in uite a few places It s a book so full of interesting information it s very tempting to write a review in which one relates one s favorite experiments factoids or statistics But I will mostly resist What I Democratic Phoenix: Reinventing Political Activism d like to highlight are two featuresWe have all heard and perhaps told stories like the following I wanted to bring up my children in a gender neutral way but at a certain point the boy naturally took to smashing up trucks and the girl naturally took to worshipping pink princess paraphernalia So I guess these things must be innate after all This phenomenon is known to sociologists as the biology as fallback position In one particularly grating and smug riff on this theme Steven Pinker is uoted as saying there is a technical term for people who believe that little boys and little girls are born indistinguishable and are molded into their natures by parental socialization The term is childless And Fine goes on to comment The frustration of the naively nonsexist parent has become a staple joke An all but obligatory paragraph in contemporary books and articles about hardwired genderifferences gleefully Museum Activism describes a parent s valiant but always comically hopeless attempts at gender neutral parenting 190 1 But then Fine tells us about the Bems psychologists who in the 1970secided to try gender neutral parenting seriously And what a lot it involved They would Narcissistic Mothers doctor all their children s books whiting out beards lengthening hair and adding breasts to some of the illustrations nooubt to rectify the fact that in the illustrations of children s books even today males are represented at a ratio of 21 relative to females oops a factoid just slipped out eleting or altering sections of the text that escribed females or males in a sex stereotyped manner 215 and so on They also taught their children only to allocate people to a gender on the basis of their anatomy and reproductive functions In an amusing story the 4 year old son ecided to wear barrettes in his hair to kindergarten He tried to correct his classmate s misconception by saying that he wasn t a girl because he had a penis not a vagina The other boy retorted Everyone has a penis but only girls wear barrettes As Fine points out the moral of this story is not to elicit admiration or contempt for the Bems but to illustrate just how hard it is to raise a child in a gender neutral way The best efforts of the comically frustrated liberal parents who find their kids acting according to stereotype o not show that The Social Rebellion differences in gender behavior are innate As Fineescribes gendering of children is ubiuitous in the culture and intense to an almost unimaginable egree Not even the Bem children could avoid it altogether And children are acutely sensitive to the multiple instructions they receive in the very air they breathe about how to conform to their genders Children randomly assigned at preschool to a red group or a blue group and wearing the appropriate colored T shirts to school each ay after three weeks with no further reinforcement will find themselves conforming to what they take to be the norms for their respective groups One needs little imagination to see how much intrusive the pressures on gender conformity will be even if the parents are like the BemsThis brings me to the second point I want to emphasize A host of brain researchers now present themselves as radical iconoclasts because they claim that the evidence of fMRIs etc prove that there are innate Navigating The Seven Seas differences between male and female brains forcing them to buck the prevailing norms of political correctness in the starry eyed gender neutral utopias of which they would so much love to believe Boo hoo As Fine s book makes amply clear science has always alighted on the newest thing brain size spinal chord strength nerve fragility energy sapping ovaries to show why gender ineualities that always accord greater status and power to men are natural Seen in this light fMRIs are just the latest fad Of course thatoesn t prove that the claims made about what they show are false Fine has plenty to say about how shoddy a lot of the research is how biased the interpretations of it and so on But this history is certainly salient enough that anyone presenting themselves as providing scientific evidence for gender The Big Book and a Study Guide of the 12 Steps of AA differences in psychology and behavior risks looking somewhat ridiculous And it places a burden on such researchers to beoubly careful about extrapolating from their results This is even true in light of the fact that the existence of the claims made for what brain scans show itself influences how well people perform In tests women William Wells Brown: An African American Life do less well at male stereotypical tasks when asked to read some scientific claims about women s innate inferiority in such tasks than if asked to read something else first These irresponsible and popular interpretations of neurological evidence neuro bollocks as they have been calledo not just support the status uo they reinforce itFine s book packs a huge punch In a funny and easy to read way she explodes so much neuro bollocks she ought to get a prize for it Things I have never seen1 A male harpist Well alright there was this guy But in an orchestra2A female bishop in the Church of England3A female angler4A male nursery school teacher 5A female truck The Alien Surrogate driver I m not saying theyon t exist and I m certainly not saying they shouldn t exist it s just that I ve never seen one Actually number 2 really The Changing Face of African Literature / Les nouveaux visages de la litterature africaine. (Cross/Cultures) doesn t exist which is odd as women may be ordained in the C of EThings I have heard which I really wish I hadn t1An Austrian mother who said they weren t going to send theiraughter to the academic secondary school but to a vocational type school Because an education isn t so important for a girl2A sports jock who said that we De lautre côté de la machine. Voyage dune scientifique au pays des algorithmes d been really unlucky to only have girls When I looked at him somewhat aghast he said it was because my husbandidn t have anyone to play ball with well to o real sport with like football As Cordelia Fine says in her book you think that girls were born without arms or legs3Daughter number in her book you Sams Teach Yourself Data Structures and Algorithms in 24 Hours d think that girls were born without arms or legs3Daughter number now an IT expert so no greatamage one reporting on the IT class at school there were 16 in the class and 15 computers It was always the two girls in the class who had to share a computer Every weekUpdate on January 26th 2015 Libby Lane is being consecrated today as Bishop of Stockport Well well I ecided to take a break from being girlishly bad at math and reading people s minds with my lady empathizing skills to read this book and I sure am glad I Strong at the Broken Places Overcoming the Trauma of Childhood Abuse did Because it is hilarious And fascinating Cordelia Fine goes through all the old lines that I m sure you ve heard a thousand times I know I have that men s brains are just better at building stuff and making money while women are just natural nurturers they just want to nurture the shit out of everything because FEELINGS Anyways she takes a closer look at all these claims and experiments andisputes just about every one of them with scientific criticism And she oes it in a way that is sarcastic and witty and readable and interesting This book mainly focuses on white middle to upper class gender construction and brain research which makes sense because most claims about brain sex ifferences are based on middle to upper class white folks It would be interesting however if she wrote a seuel with a wider focus And occasionally the scientific terms get a tad bit overwhelming but if you want a readable academic book about neurosexism you aren t going to find a better interesting readable bookThis book should be on the bestseller list Everyone should read this This should be in the waiting room of every maternity ward and in the break room of every public school I am so glad that I stumbled across this gem of a book and I can t recommend it highly enough It s funny and substantive and that is about the rarest a combination there is A Baby Peter LEGACY OF ABUSE detailed but informal look at the pervasive power of gender stereotypes backed by science Sounds goodoesn t it Not for me though My reading of this included International Women s Day that wasn t intentional but it felt like undeserved penance for such a Shards of Glass - A Little Girls Journey Back into Her World of Physical, Mental and Sexual Abuse day The 2 rating indicates how interesting and enjoyable this book was for me Were I rating in purely objective terms it would be a solid 3 maybe even 4 given the importance of the intended messageIn a NutshellFineebunks the Buying Power: A History of Consumer Activism in America deterministic views of gender that are often based on brain structure and organisation She seems to believe there are NO innateifferences between the sexes which is a bi Didn t realise Cordelia was Australian This is a lovely video of her views s say you have read a couple of books on the science that explains the Nature-Inspired Optimization Algorithms differences between the sexes So just what are you likely to have been told Well one thing would be that men have brains that are built to be logical and mathematical than women s brains this isue to men s better spatial rotational abilities that are a conseuence of right brain localisation and that this helps to explain why men end up in most of the high status jobs like Engineering or Science just as their greater aggression ensures they end up President or CEO But that this comes at a cost men tend to be socially Geographies of Learning: Theory and Practice, Activism and Performance dysfunctional a conseuence of their limited ability to use their somewhat larger brains laterally This hinders them in their linguistic abilities men being simply not as fluent as women But this is okay because it is women who need to be able to look after kids ando the house work something how their brains are ordered allows them to specialise in you know Darling BWWM (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 50 (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 50: Billionaires Secret Baby 5 (Interracial African American Romance Urban Baby Romance Short Stories) did you see where I left my car keys So while men are off hunting and thereby using their aggression to bring home the bacon women are pacifying the kids with theirelightful socialising skills so suited to recognising the emotional needs of others and cleaning the cave These are the tasks the sexes have separately evolved to perform and while these may not have been the brains we would have chosen for the sexes ourselves so as to make the world fair well look the world simply isn t fair There s no point getting all PC about this If evolution and biology have Unequal Profession decided that half of the population need to be caring rather than logical well all I can say is poorears there is about as much point in complaining about women s innate ifference inferiority is such an ugly word as complaining that fish are difference inferiority is such an ugly word as complaining that fish are to live out their lives in water Viva la ifferenceSuch ideas essentially modern The Archaeology of Mothering: An African-American Midwife's Tale day eugenics are not only peddled by authors of limited intelligence trying to make a uick buck from the enhanced sales such sexist rubbish ensures for their books with titles like Men Are from Mars Women Are from Venus or Why Men Don t Have a Clue and Women Always Need More Shoes but even by people with impressive sounding ualifications who write books called The Female Brain or The Blank Slate The Modern Denial of Human NatureLike I said if you have read some of these books you will either be feeling rather smug at the moment as if the benefits of having a penis weren t already ample or rather annoyed It can t be nice for one half of our population to be told they are innately lesser people But is that really what the latest scienceoes tell us about the Lo pienso bien y lo digo mal differences between male and female brains Actually the truth may well surprise youRecently I wrote on one of Choupette s reviews that I would love to find a book that explained just how the latest brain imaging technology works I mean the idea we have been encouraged to have is that it is all a bit like a video game or rather airect window into the brain No bugger the brain a The Illustrated Anthology of Sorcery, Magic, and Alchemy direct window into the mind as it is being constructed by the brain You lie back in an incredibly expensive piece of machinery and as the author says one that uses uantum mechanics for god sake but she could just as easily have said and I think even impressively that uses anti matter and they get you to think of something or other solve a maths problem perhaps and then blobs light up on the parts of your brain that areoing the thinking How much proof Love, Immortal (Alchemy, do you need than that Thought euals blob euals male superiority EDNo one explains that this isn t uite real time imaging No one explains that this is averagedifference No one explains that we Lego DC Super Heroes don t really know what to make of these averagedifferences at what level these ifferences become significant for example No one explains that when the brains of ead salmon have *BEEN TESTED SOMETIMES THEY HAVE SHOWN SIGNIFICANT EMOTIONAL RESPONSES *tested sometimes they have shown significant emotional responses visual stimuli All we get to see are the blobs of colour lighting up and we assume someone smarter than us. Es even scientific journals increasingly tells a tale of two brains and the result is often than not a validation of the status uo Women it seems are just too intuitive for math; men too focused for houseworkDrawing on the latest research in neuroscience and psychology Cordelia Fine Renaissance Emerge Series debunks the myth of hardwiredifferences between men’s and women’s brains unraveling the evidence behind such claims as men’s brains aren’t wired for empathy and women’s brains aren’t made to fix cars She then goes one step further offering a very Guantanamo and the Abuse of Presidential Power diff.

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