Pdf Leggi Bully for Brontosaurus Reflections in Natural History
St impossible for Russians to grasp living as they
did in a harsh and underpopulated land At the center of the essay is the uestion of cultural biases in a harsh and underpopulated land At the center of the essay is the uestion of cultural biases science an area in which Gould excelled as a writer and a teacher FascinatingFeed our inner nerd read this book I read the first half of this book about 10 ears ago and went back a few days ago to read the rest Why the break It was a good readI have no idea why I came to a haltHaving finished the book I went back and looked at some of the earlier essays Bully For Brontosaurusa wonderful discussion about the rules governing how zoologists name animals These rules are laid out in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature and the 1985 edition runs to 338 pages That is a lot of regulation Gould s discussion centred on issues around a set dinosaur stamps issued by the post office and people s objections to the name given to one of these critters and what he felt the proper response ought to have been The essay gave marvellous insights into the process and variables of naming and what Gould felt ought to take priorityI also couldn t resist re reading The Panda s Thumb Of Technology a wonderfully funny and interesting essay on how we ended up using the WERTY keyboard The story was as eccentric and fascinating as the keyboard itself Besides being an academic giant Gould was well linked to typewriters his father was a court stenographer his mother a typist and Gould himself was still using a typewriter in 1991To be honest though I was less smitten with the later essays I read like an outsider Gould s passion for planets in The Face of Miranda This is undoubtedly my shortcoming not his I just can t get excited by astronomy Several other essays under the heading Evolution and Creation dealt with the arguments put up by people who have defended creationism and the counter arguments Again not a subject that presses my buttons It feels like arguing with people who say the world is flat or the sky is going to fall down Life is just too short Having said that Wikipedia says that a Gallup poll in 2010 showed the 40% of Americans still believe in a strict interpretation of creationism This suggests that many arguments against creationism are needed however much it may seem boring to me I enjoyed the three essays about numbers statistics and probability though I am extremely small brained in this area but even I could sense the wonder and excitement of the ideas Gould was discussing and his enthusiasm is a delight He even managed to infuse me with wonder at Joe DiMaggio achievements in baseball in 1941So for me a bit of a mixed bag but Gould is a wonderful person for me to read I am normally one of those shallow dilettantes that he is so critical of and it does me the world of good to really
immerse myself in ideas and the background to ideas in the way myself in ideas and the background to ideas in
*the way makes *way makes do so well in his essays This review was written in September 1991 not long after the book s publicationStephen Jay Gould has been writing monthly essays for Natural History magazine for over eighteen ears and he has gotten pretty good at it by now His newest collection is the best one so far While Gould has always been able to impress with the depth and breadth of his scientific knowledge this collection contains personal insight humor and humility than some of his previous workGould makes no secret of his intellectual passions baseball the French Revolution geology science and scientists of the 19th century dinosaurs classical music and evolutionary theory Not every one of his readers shares these passions of course I for one have always been bored by baseball but he has a gift for m This meant a lot to me as a teen Just one bit the essay Male Nipples and Clitoral Ripples with its shocking claim that only 30% of women orgasm from PIV intercourse scandalised me He bases this on the notably shoddy work of Kinsey and Hite but it may be worse than that The main point of that piece using the pleasure poor design of the two genitalia to attack a straw man view he calls hyperadaptationism had less effect on me luckilyThere are odd synopses of each essay hereI give general reasons to distrust Gould here With essays like Male Nipples and Clitoral Ripples ou can enjoy science while also being amused by his sense of humor Great writing makes the natural world come alive What fun. He falsificano la storia e falsano la comprensione della teoria dell’evoluzione È un’opera di divulgazione scientifica di alto livello che consente di portare a conoscenza di un vasto pubblico di lettori i risultati della scienza e che grazie a curiosità trovate accostamenti sorprendenti riferimenti autobiografici rare notizie storiche citazioni humour riesce a suscitare nel lettore il raro piacere dell’intelligenz. Y The essays are good for people who have curious minds not just of interest to scientists And of course probably left over since childhood topics dealing with dinosaurs that give information always entertain me I hadn t read such a large 511 pages large collection of essays by a single author before it proved to be a uniue experience Being a collection of 35 mostly independent essays makes it particularly good for brief reading sessions where ou get a complete fully formed message in just 10 20 pages Gould covers a surprisingly large gamut of topics some familiar to me others totally alien but all with a consistent approach Gould starts with some narrative seemingly unrelated to the topic of the essay and through a few acrobatic twists and turns he cleanly links it to the topic develops his arguments and provides details before closing with an overview and uip or two They don t all follow that precise formula but by the time I got to the final few essays I d anticipated the structure None of that is to say the essays are bad I thoroughly enjoyed uite a few of them and those that I didn t particularly like were short enough to not drag I was most enthralled by the essays on nature of science how it interacts with philosophy history and religion As a professional scientist though not working in natural history I don t get to spend much time day to day considering these lofty uestions concern the fundamentals of science so it was a particular pleasure following SJG on his explorations here
I ll admit for some reason I d assumed that this was a very recent publication It s only afterll admit for some reason I d assumed that this was a very recent publication It s only after through 90% of it that I realized it was published in 1991 and the author had died in 2002 I suppose that s excusable as the subject material of the vast majority of the essays is timeless I d recommend this book to scientists students as well as to casual lovers of natural history If ou d prefer a small taste before diving in many of SJG s essays are available online for those on the fence this collection includes at least by his judgement the best of them Stephen Jay Gould was adept at reviewing scientific missteps and errors and building telling lessons from them His essays are highly discursive often taking twists and turns through little known bits of history and popular culture as a means of explicating complex concepts He was a brilliant man and one of those writers like neurologist Oliver Sacks say or biologist EO Wilson who could take abstruse subject matter and make it intelligible to the general reader Though it should be noted no one s style was uite so freewheeling and idiosyncratic as Gould s A few favorite essays include The Panda s Thumb of Technology In which Gould illustrates the evolutionary principles of contingency and incumbency by way of a history of the WERTY keyboard This is certainly among the volume s uirkiest and most brilliant essaysIn Male Nipples and Clitoral Ripples he discusses how male nipples are homologues of female nipples and remnants of embryology just as the female clitoris is a homologue of the male penis Dr Freud s absurd theory of vaginal orgasm and the unfortunate suffering it caused countless women during the mid 20th century is discussedTo Be A Platypus reviews the immense puzzle this monotreme presented to 20th century scientists because of its melange of seemingly contradictory characteristics large brain and inner ear like mammals egg laying like reptiles duckbill like the eponymous wildfowl etc #BECAUSE OF ITS PARADOXICAL NATURE THE PLATYPUS WAS VIEWED #of its paradoxical nature the platypus was viewed a long time as a primitive outlier that had never really caught up with the high and mighty mammals Gould shows not only why this isn t so but why the creature is as he puts it one honey of an adaptationThe section titled Intellectual Biography I found especially interesting In Kropotkin Was No Crackpot Gould rehabilitates that fin de si cle Russian anarchist s much maligned reputation Petr Kropotkin see Mutual Aid believed cooperation was responsible for the perpetuation of species than violent struggle a concept far popular in the West Many Russian evolutionists tended to agree Why Was it just their collectivist socialist culture In part es but it also turns out that the concept of exploding populations which Darwin learned in the teeming tropics see Voyage of the Beagle was conceptually almo. Di capezzoli nel maschio dell’essere umano e dei mammiferi in generale o il gigantesco uovo di kiwi considerati fenomeni istruttivi proprio perché spiegano meglio della perfezione naturale il funzionamento e il carattere storico dei meccanismi evolutivi La lettura di Bravo Brontosauro è uno dei modi più seri e insieme meno convenzionali e più divertenti per smontare errori e luoghi comuni preconcetti e conformismi Writing a review of an anthology like Stephen Jay Gould s Bully For Brontosaurus Reflections in Natural History seems a thankless task because one could craft a review for each of Gould s individual essays attempting to
Synthesize An Entire Book Of Them Seemsan entire book of them seems impossible I have read the essays in this volume over many months some
*of them than *them than The anthology is nearly 30 Keto Diet for Beginners: The Keto Diet Cookbook with Quick and Healthy Recipes incl. 30 Days Weight Loss Plan years old but remains an interesting cornucopia of rather analytical stances on scientific uestions the people who were a party to them but also many others including Tolstoy Captain Bligh Kropotkin the Brothers Grimm folks who are uite beyond the normal framework of the world of science It is Gould s wondrous power to form analogies that lifts this book far beyond the ordinaryFor starters I realize every time I read one of the essays that the late Prof Gould had a considerable gift for expression for rendering fairly abstract Gould s essays on evolution and natural history inform the reader for sure but as importantly they prompt the reader to uestion our conventional wisdom on not only biology but a whole host of matters He challenges the assumptions of his colleagues he uestions both the religious and the irreligious he examines the ongoing conflicts between evolutionists and creationists all in an engaging funny and personal manner He talks about his experience with cancer which sadly eventually got him and his love of baseball ties together disparate bits of human history to arrive at intriguing observations on causality chance and human knowledge He never lets us forget that ideology can aid us as well as blind us and that the tools of science are the best we have to learn about our world so long as we don t mistake the map for the road I ve read two other essay collections by Gould before this one and this is or less the same as those uite goodHowever I m not sure if it s Gould or whether it s the essay format but I m really tired of the freuent reference and name dropping that seems to serve few other purposes but the author s vanity look what I ve read look what I know look what I can do Why not just stick to the subject matter letour light shine that way and leave out all the fancy but unnecessary references The Maruis de Condorcet enthusiast of the French Revolution but not radical enough for the Jacobins and therefore forced into hiding from a government that had decreed and would eventually precipitate his death wrote in 1793 that the perfectibility of man is really boundless It has no other limit than the duration of the globe where nature has set us As Dickens so aptly remarked It was the best of times it was the worst of times The essay in uestion for which this is the opening paragraph discusses evolutionary adaptations and how it s sometimes mistaken to think that because a certain trait is useful it must have been selected for or that because a certain trait or characteristic exists it must serve some useful purpose or it wouldn t exist The opening paragraph has absolutely nothing to do with any of this and it appears to have been prompted by the publication Wachten op Apollo year 1794 of a book by Erasmus Darwin discussing the subject matter of the essay But the intro is just an awkwardly obvious example of the need to show off pure and simpleThe book was published in 1991 ie the essays were writtenears before internet was easily available But the fact is that in this day and age that kind of stuff is just so much less impressive Is there anything embarrassing than a guy who s explaining basically what he read on Wikipedia on the crapper the previous day without saying that that s his source and thus implying that he knows it the old way ie by reading specialist literature andor magazinesThe best thing in the essays are his insights into the theory evolution and the history of the theory of course as that s his speciality But I just wish he wouldn t have tried to tie them up with something else in a clever way as if to show off that he can start from anywhere and still end make a graceful transition to his actual topic Because the fact is the transitions are not that graceful much of the time Definitely a favorite author Great historical perspective on a wide variety of topics ranging from history of science including current ish science education to topical stories and ties them together seemlessl. Parti 1 5 di Bully for brontosaurusLo spettro degli argomenti trattati da Gould è assai vario ma ruota attorno al tema centrale della teoria dell’evoluzione e della storia naturale L’evoluzionismo permette di individuare l’operare dell’evoluzione anche in argomenti molto poco tradizionali come l’evoluzione della tastiera della macchina per scrivere e nelle stranezze e negli errori della natura come l’esistenza. .