(PDF/EBOOK) [The Road to Serfdom] ê Friedrich A. Hayek
Leading Cultural Change: The Theory and Practice of Successful Organizational Transformation eRatic procedure 97 Didn t you just tell us that democratic procedure doesn t matter and what matters is private property Ultimately the individualist position here as found in Rand s objectivism is profoundly illiberal retaining only a preference for markets and private property both Rand and Pops will not be completely committed to markets of course and will allow differing degrees of monopolization This makes the argument here structurally identical to fascism and therein lies the principal stupidity of Pops argument he had defined socialism as central planning over state ownership of the means of production Fascism however never got toither prong of that definition Fascism did have anti liberal components regarding liberalism as too much too soon fascism attempts to arrest history to turn back the clock Whereas the fascists would undo liberalism s galitarianism while retaining property and markets the socialist proper position is that liberalism is not nough too late This set of basic distinctions is manifest in the most basic writings on the subject cf Paxton s Anatomy of Fascism Griffin s Modernism and Fascism Lemkin s Axis Rule in Occupied Europe Neumann s Behemoth Pops doesn t care about any of that Pops only cares about propertyIt s a sad commentary on the world that this one of the worst books ver written is also considered one of the most important It s actually mbarrassingly bad Die Neurobiologie des Glücks: Wie die Positive Psychologie die Medizin verändert (German Edition) especially in its most famous bits such as the dogmatic assertion that the price system under competition is an apparatus of registration which automatically records all the relevantffects of individual actions and whose indications are at the same time the resultant of and the guide for all the individual decisions 55 this argument simply removes the mystery one step and then is without declared Meditieren mit Musik und Klngen: Inspiration Nada Yoga efficient and just This automatic coordination is graceful whereas central planning is incredibly clumsy primitive and limited in scope id nevermind that the allegedfficiency in the market mechanism is based precisely on pricing participants out of the market which may not matter for irrational luxury goods but when it results in market starvation or market famines as in Victorian India or Ireland or during the general crisis of the 30s that s a bit different Automatic coordination is deprivation and death but because it s papered over with woad warrior FREDUM1 it s the fault of the deprived or the decedent who obviously wasted their freedomI have only commented on the lowest of the low points The lowest point probably is the crude suggestion that one of the surprising features of the political MasterCases in Spine Surgery emigration from Germany is the comparatively small number of refugees from the Left who are not Jews in the German sense 203 This is deception beyond measure as the German left had been destroyed just after WWI and then again by the NSDAP in the 30s the suggestion here is accordingly outrageous and the suggester scum of thearth considering that the surviving leftists in germania during WWII were sweating it out in concentration camps or acting as part of the armed resistance So fuck you Pops and fuck Brother Milt and fuck Ayn Rand just becauseRecommended for readers who xperience the horror inspired by the idea of verything being directed from a single center persons who claim as a virtue that under one system we shall know less and those who believe that it is not difficult to deprive the great majority of independent thought There is an old cartoon found here which summarizes the logic of this work rather perfectly Essentially the government gets involved in your life they dictate how you live then they kill you The notions in this text are trifling at bestHayek never confronts the fact that a lack of some centralized body somewhere making decisions for you does not mean an Keepers Compendium end to governance Clearly businesses govern They also plan To take this power away from a centralized and at least ostensibly publicly accountable body and to diffuse this power throughout the business community is not to rid oneself of governance It simply means that businesses are the governmentIf we are to acknowledge the uite obvious tendency for capital to move toward those with the most capital that is for businesses to develop into monopolies and oligopolies then one might see that Hayek s model accomplishes nothing less than the restoration of the same feudal structures he s supposedly warning againstHis argument if taken to the same disparate conclusions as the one s he takes communism and socialism to would result in the ownership of all land by a handful of oligarchs We would then tend their land for a pittance We would be serfs The historical analysis upon which this book depends amounts to nothing thanxtremely poor scholarship masuerading as thoughtful contrarianism Hayek s conflation of Nazism with Socialism merely because they have similar names in German is an The Man with the Golden Gun (James Bond role-playing game) [Box Set] example of stupidity on the level of mistaking the PATRIOT Act for patriotism or the Ministry of Peace for peacefulness This distractingrror is unfortunately the foundation of the ntirety of his argument His theory of authoritarianism consists of xtrapolations from misplaced assumptions about Nazi Germany and disproven projections about the direction the US Britain are heading in the post war Schmerzmedizin - 1000 Fragen era His uaintconomic theory tells us little about contemporary authoritarian regimes and Psychologische Homöopathie. even less about modern social democracy In sum don t bother The Road to Serfdom is not an anti government book it s definitely not a libertarian or pro laissez faire capitalism orven a pro democracy book It s purely and simply an anti socialism book And just to be clear to Hayek socialism primarily means central planning It s chapter after chapter of reasons why socialism despite it s apparently noble goals both will not work in the practical sense and how it tends to lead to totalitarianismHayek s arguments are level headed and logical He is careful not to insult his opponent and goes out of his way to point out their good intentions Despite the fact that The Road to Serfdom is currently being championed by conservatives Hayek calls himself a liberal and the book is written with fellow liberals in mind There is no contradiction Definitions The Viva Mayr Diet: 14 days to a flatter stomach and a younger you especially in the world of politics have a way of changing For Hayek liberalism was tantamount to freedom and liberty Today the definition of the world liberal has shifted Inconomics liberalism is now a synonym for Aviation Logistics: The Dynamic Partnership of Air Freight and Supply Chain euality and significantly notual freedom for all but rather R High Performance Programming eual or at leastual distribution of resources In a time when on one hand the accusation of socialism is bandied about as a slur and on the other there is a strong anti capitalist movement that champions the same socialism it s useful to understand not only what socialism really is but what the implications for society are They might not be what you think I tried to read this several times beginning back when I almost convinced myself I might be able to understand read respect what Republicans were thinking I m sorry to say that is over at least for now If we can lie cheat and steal our way to power what difference does it make what is justI made some notes before I gave up Putting them here in case I ver get back to this in time to challenge Paul Ryan personallyTh 60 stars On my list of All Time Favorite Books One of the most important books ver written and most concise brilliant scathing and impressive argument against the planned Scala for Java Developers economy that has been or likelyver will be written Hayek while always being respectful to the adherents of the idea that state control over resources and goals is the right approach nevertheless absolutely destroys The Qur'an, Morality and Critical Reason: The Essential Muhammad Shahrur each andvery argument and rationale alluded to by such people His general thesis that socialism communism fascism will inevitably lead to totalitarianism and the loss of freedom for the individual is demonstrated without skipping logical steps or leaping to a conclusion not supported by the preceding argument It is powerful powerful stuff His conclusion is that the only way to truly create and just and free society is to re adopt the classic liberalism of the 19th century closely linked today with libertarianism Government should be limited and Vermeer to Eternity exist only to 1 protect the people in time of war or nationalmergency and 2 provide the rule of law which means basic rules that apply Heaven to Betsy eually toveryone ieno special treatment no unfair treatmentand that do not change and allow competition and the market to decide the success or failure of individuals This does not guaranty anyone success or failure but rather guaranties So B. It everyone the opportunity for success or failure While such a system is not without flaws that may at times lead to abuses that people of good conscience may find objectionable Hayek makes a powerful case that it is the only system that provides the opportunity for success toveryone Any change to the system that modifies this ie grants special assistance or rules to benefit one group necessarily hurts another group and this kind of intervention leads to the determination by a small group of people without all necessary factual Cabaret evidence as no group canver be fully informed of all of the variables that go into how a society operates based on its opinion of what the correct result should be This imposing of the values and morals which all opinion is derived from of one person or a group people on society necessarily is done at the xpense of the morals and values held by others Hayek argues that such an action is fundamentally flawed HIGHEST POSSIBLE RECOMMENDATION I could be wrong but surely not ven the greatest fans of Hayek could believe this is a particularly nuanced book The central thesis is that veryone that disagrees with Hayek is ither a totalitarian or someone who is inadvertently leading society down the road towards totalitarianism This doesn t only include Marxists and Fascists who Hayek Trading Places: The Netherlandish Merchants in Early Modern Venice euates as identical norven members of the Labour party in Britain who might be considered fellow travellers but En plein coeur even many of the younger members of the Conservative party too You see what I mean about nuance then perhaps Not only isveryone lse wrong but any differences between them are as nothing when compared with what binds them in common There literally can be no nuanceDecades later Maggie Thatcher would flung down a copy of Hayek s The Constitution of Liberty during a meeting with members of her party and yell This is what we believe It fits of course Both held that there was no alternative and that any deviation from the one true path inevitably leads to destruction and serfdom Freedom is somewhat oddly defined if there is ultimately only one available choiceThe later preference for forced choices by radical free market types is perhaps one of the most potent current criticisms of this book Worth reading in this context is William Davies The Limits of Neoliberalism particularly in relation to Nudge theory As the book Nudge makes clear while it takes free market ideas very seriously it also believes that people might make better decisions if they were nudged towards them This ought to otherwise seem problematic if you really believed what Hayek says here You see central to his thesis is that such an understanding of what is best for others isn t possible in fact it is fundamentally impossible The thing that makes capitalism and radical free market capitalism in particular such a fantastic system is the fact that xperts are kept away from decision about what might make the lives of others better It is hard to no think that Hayek would view these nudges as little than a Further Step Down The Road step down
The Road SerfdomThere Areroad serfdomThere are better criticisms view these nudges as little than a further step down the road to serfdomThere are infinitely better criticisms this book than I m going to provide in this little review Some of those include Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste and Capitalist Realism Why I find this book particularly terrifying is that it really has a distasteful understanding of what freedom means Freedom here is the Dance Real Slow elimination ofvery kind of safety net it means dog The Art of Memoir eat dog it means the war of all againstach it means an almost ludicrous The Day Christ Was Born: The True Account of the First 24 Hours of Jesus's Life extreme of competition because only in this is the purity of individualism able to be assured Any restrictions on individualism is understood as inevitably leading to fascismcommunismsocial democracy all of which are seen as basically identical he literally says as much here Society is understood as a kind of informationxchange where money is the chief form of data and therefore money needs to be protected from any distortion say imposed inflation since money or prices rather allow veryone in society to know which choices they should make that will best suit their needs The reason why any form of planning is ineffective and ultimately vil is because the whole system is so insanely complex that any form of centralised planning inevitably introduces inefficiencies to the ntire system This makes the whole system worse for veryone but since the planners benefit by keeping their own jobs regardless of the poor outcomes of their plans those inefficiencies compound People then are forced to accept products they do not want and this leads to further distortions in the proper price signals within the system which then further multiplies inefficiencies And because there is no way of seeing what a PostgreSQL Server Programming - Second Edition efficient system would look like outside the plan the plan is still held to be the mostfficient organisation of the systemRather than planning a system based on the anarchy of Integrity Restored: Helping Catholic Families Win the Battle Against Pornography economic activity is the only system capable of meeting the needs of the whole of society and of producing freedom at the same time Since there is no central planner individuals are able to understand the messages contained in the highly situated contexts they live within and from within the prices of good they observe and that means they are able to act in ways that meet their needs from within those circumstances The system is self regulating because competition ultimately leads to a situation where the people who are mostfficient and best at meeting the needs of those around them are the only people who will succeed The system also can only The Taste of Night (Signs of the Zodiac, exist on increased freedom to thextent that freedom can be uated with conomic anarchy since any restriction on this freedom will necessarily be imposed upon it from outside by the dreaded planners who we have already decided will lead us to fascist communist collectivism Any individual may nd up crushed under the driving wheel of progress in fact this is inevitable and necessary for risk cannot be mitigated in the system without distorting the system as a whole And since competition is the ngine of progress and competition means winners and losers then the The Road From Home: The Story Of An Armenian Girl economicuivalent of Darwinian natural selection is however regrettable inevitableThus Hayek presents his vision splendid of unfettered free markets His xpectation of course is that although some people will inevitably be crushed under foot overall most people will be better off under this system than under any other system capable of operating There are occasional nods to the benefits of democracy but it isn t at all clear how democracy can be xempt from also being seen as yet another collectivist project that undermines his radical individualism Thatcher s there is no society only individuals rings in your ars while reading this Certainly Hayek imposes stringent limitations upon democracy democracy clearly can t pl. Of the Month Club distributed this condensation to than 600000 readers A perennial best seller the book has sold over a uarter of a million copies in the United States not including the British dition or the nearly twenty translations into such languages as German French Dutch Swedish and Japanese and not to mention the many underground Hannah Montana: The Movie editions produced in Eastern Europe before the fall of the iron curtainAfter thirty two printings in the United States The Road to Serfdom hasstablished itself alongside the works of Alexis de Tocueville John Stuart Mill and George Orwell for its timeless meditation on the relation between individual liberty and government authority This fiftieth anniversary dition with a new introduction by Milton Friedman commemorates the nduring influence of The Road to Serfdom on the ver changing political and social climates of the twentieth century from the rise of socialism after World War II to the Reagan and Thatcher revolutions in the 1980s and the transitions in Eastern Europe from communism to capitalism in the 1990sF A Hayek. Finally got around to reading this libertarianconservative classic It s short but deep combining conomics politics sociology and a short history of Socialist thought to create the greatest critiue of the collectivist impulse that you can read Hayek s message is blunt despite the freedom and liberality that is west Introduced by Chicago don Milty Friedman who assures us that the free market is the only mechanism that has ver been discovered for achieving participatory democracy xi Preach it Brother Milt So called collectivism had been burying purported individualism apparently in Padre Fred s 1944 analysis but was unexpectedly checked by the time of Frere Milt s semicentennial celebratory gala binge Fra Milt is pleased to report that Father Fred was dead wrong in his predictions that collectivist statism was taking over the UK mostly because central planning was sacrificed rather than individual liberty xiii ie parliamentary procedure kept the sky from falling but also because collectivism is mired in bureaucratic confusion and inefficiency id That latter clich is not rigorously videnced but is taken as a postulate of market fundy triumphalism Confusion is of course cipher for public due process and inefficiency the normal code for unions plus intentionally non profit Gubmint nevertheless grew and tried to regulate bidness usually at the behest of special interest groups xiii the cryptograph for not rich people Despite Hayek being 100% wrong about statist takeover Brother Milty confirms that Hayek s central insight is correct coordination of men s activities through central direction and through voluntary cooperation are roads going in very different directions the first to serfdom the second to freedom xiii xiv because medieval Cardiovascular Pet: Current Concepts economics is characterized precisely by state planning and public ownership of the means of production Also NB coordination of activity centrally through a large corporation is presumably perfectly acceptable Fra Milt concludes with charm The bulk of the intellectual community almost automatically favors anyxpansion of governmental power so long as it is advertised as way to protect individuals from big bad corporations relieve poverty protect the nvironment or promote uality xv xvi NB the same topos found in objectivism which traffics in similar rhetorics of mendacity Milt objects to the A Companion to Peter Martyr Vermigli expansion of state power when the object is to protect individuals when they are to be protected from corporations manifestly not an individualist positionThis text is ripe for a derridean reading from the Outwork the preface tond all prefaces Dissemination considering the guest intro here the 1976 1956 1944 prefaces and author s introduction proper all preceding the text itself It s a parade of horribles 1976 preface concedes in a moment of rare candor I was myself uncomfortable about the possibility that in going beyond technical The Best Four Years: How to Survive and Thrive in College (and Life) economics I might havexceeded my competence xxi Well uite Notes an uivocation At the time I wrote 1944 socialism meant unambiguously the nationalization of the means of production and the central conomic planning which this made possible and necessary xxiii however socialism has come to mean chiefly the The Time of the Hunters Moon extensive redistribution of incomes through taxation and the institutions of the welfare state id 1976 backs away from the thesis that any movement in the direction of socialism is bound to lead to totalitarianism xxiv A concession that there is no necessary connection between socialism and totalitarianism no matter what Papa Freds thinks they mean on a given day If anyone thought that Freds meant that any step toward socialism leads to totalitarianism however we mightxcuse their apparently Vegas Vacation (Destination: Desire, erroneous belief on the basis of the 1956 preface wherein Big Poppa admits that his audience is already against fascism and communism which he identifies as substantially identical in a standard reckless construction and that democratic socialism is a very precarious and unstable affair xxxii revealing the true polemical target and associating by the bye New Deal policies with totalitarianism by implicationven though hot socialism is probably a thing of the past id Notorious lets us know his ideological roots pretty plainly in 1956 But in Britain as lsewhere in the world the defeat of the onslaught of systematic socialism has merely given those who are anxious to preserve freedom a breathing space xliv 1944 preface affirms that his argument is derived from certain ultimate values xlv Preface does not disclose them but his lebensraum reference in 1956 clears it up for meAuthor s own original introduction opens with pigraph from Lord Acton rightwing fan favorite that Few discoveries are irritating than those which xpose the pedigree of ideas 3 With that kind of arrogance the reasonable reader can assume that the text will lay out the intellectual pedigree of socialist doctrine As it happens the text xamines almost no socialist doctrine of any flavor whatsoever It does Stepdog eventually get around to laying out a thesis regarding the socialist roots of Nazism 183 198 which links Marxism to Hitler through figures such as Sombart Plenge and others it s the strongest part of the text as it is at least specific but my five year old daughter could do better Thentire section relies upon Another Way Home euivocations Pops is not content with his original definition of socialism as we have seenThe book s purpose Few are ready to recognize that the rise of fascism and Nazism was not a reaction against the socialist trends of the preceding period but a necessary outcome of those tendencies 6 So the causal relation is allegedly socialism fascism If the Actonpigraph is aimed at democratic socialistssocial democrats as per the 1956 preface then this causal relation is at democratic socialistssocial democrats as per the 1956 preface then this causal relation is much concern ven if it is assumed arguendo to be true That is it s not at all irritating anyone with the pedigree of socialism to point out that fascism is its alleged vil offspring It doesn t make any sense unless Bigg Poppa is xpecting us to accept a non distributio medii or affirmed conseuent fallacy Later pedigree for coercion and lack of freedom of thought is located in the French writers who laid the foundations of modern socialism 28 without reference to any particular writer or text xcept Saint Simon who is uoted slightly as wanting to treat disobedient persons as cattle which is not Bill Veeck's Crosstown Classic (Chicago Shorts) exactly an idea that arisesxclusively or Antarctica even in socialism cf Ottoman governance theoryEntire volume relies on anuivocation fallacy broadly maligning socialism no matter how that term is defined as hinted by the 1976 preface The conflict between Nazis and commies is the kind of conflict that will always arise between rival socialist factions 11 Doggfather is not interested yet in substantiating this puerile Beyond the Laboratory: Scientists as Political Activists in 1930s America euivalence but rather prefers to point out that German socialists have found much support in their country from certain features of the Prussian tradition and this kinship between Prussianism and socialism in which in Germany both sides gloried gives additional support to our main contention 11 Noted socialism shares a continuity with prussianism which must be a reference to Bismarck or whateverlse in the deep history of Germania that the Doggfather wishes us to infer with neoliberal psychic powerzBegins the argument proper with the contention that we are unwilling to consider the crisis as the result of a genuine rror on our part and that the pursuit of some of our most cherished ideals has apparently produced results utterly different from those which we xpected 14 We should therefore not forget that this conflict has grown out of a struggle of ideas within what not so long ago was a common European civilization and that the tendencies which have culminated in the creation of the totalitarian systems were not confined to the countries which have succumbed to them id This is a curious admission for Atomic Dogg to make The current crisis WW2 surely but perhaps is the result of most cherished ideals and grew out of the common civilization of which prussianism seems to have been a part No problem It s not like Cartesian Questions: Method and Metaphysics extraterrestrials started the war or zombies took over objectivism s position on zombies socialism notwithstanding If all that is true then why dogmatically state thatveryone is unaware of not merely the magnitude of the changes which have taken place during the last generation but the fact that they mean a complete change in the direction of the volution of our ideas and social order 15 16 I suppose our ideas are not the same as our most cherished ideals then Apparently all of the vil altruists sorry hard not conflate this with Ayn Rand have progressively abandoned that freedom in conomic affairs without which personal and political freedom has never xisted 16 This last point is dogmatically stated throughout the text and never videnced with any rigor Never mind the fact that it all grew out of civilization or progressively developed we are solemnly informed of How sharp a break not only with the recent past but with the whole volution of Western civilization the modern trend toward socialism 16 which is something that must be measured by reference to the longer historical perspective back to the Bible and the bloody Romans which are held up as The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order, 1930-1980 exemplars of individualism along side Montaigne Erasmus Pericles and Thukydides Heh yeah So never mind that you just said right before this that the crisis grew out of European civilization progressively developed is rooted in prussianism now it s some sort ofpistemic break from the Confession entire tradition of the West As an aside is anyone actually persuaded by argumentum ad antiuitatem Confirmed thereafter in his concern to show how completely though gradually and by almost imperceptible steps our attitude toward society has changed 24 NB the steps aren t shown Mmkay Revise and resubmit when you get your story straight P FunkNot only is Stalinism worse than fascism 31 but marxism led to fascism 32 fascism is the stage reached after communism fails id and all the fascist leaders began as socialists id Fascists and communists are the same compete withach other for the same personnel and hate ach other as heretics 34 Socialism transitioned to fascism so asily because they are so closely related 35 And so on It s a mess and it s thoroughly mendacious That last point for instance is simply manifestly rroneous at which point did a state with socialism as Big Poppa defined it in 1944 state ownership of the means of production with central planning 37 a mere 3 pages later xist and then transition to fascism The answer was never in 1944 and remains never now The Curators of the Buddha errors are so coarse the confusions so gross that it can only be intentional misrepresentation as no one is this stupid Cites de Tocueville for the proposition that democracy and socialism have onlyuality in common while democracy seeks Another Way Home: The Tangled Roots of Race in One Chicago Family euality in liberty socialism seeksuality in restraint and servitude 29 which is offered as self vident fact without any substantiation whatsoever Eventually throws this proposition under the bus however as democracy is not
*Very Interesting To Thug *interesting to Thug xcept as a truncheon to beat leftists We see this not only in the prefatory remarks regarding social democrats but also in the inane xpansion of the target from socialism to collectivism which includes liberals as understood in the US 39 Collectivism is defined childishly as marked by central planning 39 which planning is to be opposed because inefficiency 41 but also because it is impossible to assume control over all the productive resources without also deciding for whom and by whom they are to be used control over all the productive resources without also deciding for whom and by whom they are to be used Gang Starr heads all the way down this slippery slope with And whoever has sole control of the means must also determine which nds are to be served 101 Both of these objections are unevidenced by Doggfather principally because they are completely false but Democratic Art: The New Deal's Influence on American Culture even were they true Pops is too indolent to think through the details of the argument preferring to sweep grandly and generally all manner of facts and whatnot under the newly whitewashed rugIndividualism is this recognition of the individual as the ultimate judge of hisnds the belief that as far as possible his own views ought to govern his actions 66 Individuals should be allowed within defined limits to follow their own values and preferences rather than someone Obsession: An Erotic Tale else s that within these spheres the individual s system ofnds should be supreme and not subject to any dictation by others id This is a uaint kindergarten notion a solipsism that is thoroughly depoliticized ahistorical a fantasia Any market participant should know that an individual is unable to dictate terms to the market for as you just fucking said the market Confederate Cities: The Urban South during the Civil War Era enablesntrepreneurs to adjust their activities to their fellows the price system will fulfill this function only if competition prevails that is if the individual producer has to adapt himself to price changes and cannot control them 56 Convents and the Body Politic in Late Renaissance Venice emphasis added Theconomic participant is always already governed by the Edicts of Asoka external Big Poppa is not interested in this implosion of course but it dicks up the primary basis for his preference for private property He shrugs away the obvious objection in canards such as how in the market system no person s view about what is right and desirable overrules that of others 113 ORLYTotal obfuscation in comments such as German anti Semitism and anti capitalism spring from the same root 154 which is as apodictically false as can be We also see that no clich is left undefecated in a movement like that of National Socialism or communism can probably be compared only to those of the great religious movements 164Our antenna should alert on unevidenced proclamations that those with authority for anconomic plan will inevitably impose their scale of preferences on the community for which they plan 73 It is outrageous in its hubris in its cynicism but also in its hypocrisy for which capitalist allows notice comment on corporate policy Delegation of Upgrade Soul economic authority to a public planning board will result in arbitrary decisions 74 leading to the completely candid confession that Democracy isssentially a means a utilitarian device for safeguarding internal peace and individual freedom and is by no means infallible or certain for there has often been much cultural and spiritual freedom under an autocratic rule than under some democracies 78 And out with it A true dictatorship of the proletariat ven if democratic in form if it undertook centrally to direct the conomic system would probably destroy personal freedom as completely as any autocracy 78 79 This contempt for democratic polity is revealed in Bigg Poppa s legal illiteracy like Rand he has no law and accordingly Elizabeth I: Translations, 1544-1589 errs in his discussions of it such as when he suggests that the rule of law stripped of all technicalities means that government in all its actions is bound by rules fixed and announced beforehand rules which make it possible to foresee with fair certainty how the authority will use its coercive powers 80mphasis added Any reference to technicalities regarding the law should disualify the utterance and probably the utterer because law is technicality His notion that Dolphin Confidential: Confessions of a Field Biologist everything should be known beforehand is also manifestlyrroneous plenty in law applies retroactivelyReader can thus only laugh when Biggy Freds suggests that central planners will not want to be fettered by democ. A classic work in political philosophy intellectual and cultural history and conomics The Road to Serfdom has inspired and infuriated politicians scholars and general readers for half a century Originally published in England in the spring of 1944 when Eleanor Roosevelt supported the fforts of Stalin and Albert Einstein subscribed lock stock and barrel to the socialist program The Road to Serfdom was seen as heretical for its passionate warning against the dangers of state control over the means of production For F A Hayek the collectivist idea of mpowering government with increasing conomic control would inevitably lead not to a utopia but to the horrors of nazi Germany and fascist ItalyFirst published by the University of Chicago Press on September 18 1944 The Road to Serfdom garnered immediate attention from the public politicians and scholars alike The first printing of 2000 copies was xhausted instantly and within six months than 30000 were sold In April of 1945 Reader's Digest published a condensed version of the book and soon thereafter the Book.
review The Road to SerfdomAce any limits on the radical free market he proposesPart of me wants to say that after four decades of living in lock step with Hayek s ideal of laissez faire capitalism and the gross ineuality that has produced and the cological suicide we are gormlessly heading toward that perhaps some of those who yelled the loudest that radical free market From Cottage to Bungalow: Houses and the Working Class in Metropolitan Chicago, 1869-1929 economics would lead to the promised land should be a littlembarrassed now That certainly has not proven to be the case As Capitalist Realism makes all too clear the GFC only proved to his followers that Hayek s ideas were not implemented stringently Fresh Water enough And that is the beauty here Hayek s ideas are so over the top so utopian or dystopian rather that it is impossible for them tover be fully implemented French Daguerreotypes even in Chile under a dictator and so there will always anscape clause Even after the Thatcher nightmare there was an scape clause that said if only his ideas had been consistently followed I doubt we will move on from these ideas any time soon they form a solid plank of our current received wisdom our axiomatic truths Those who benefit from such ideas are rich beyond imagining and they hold so much power with their wealth that it isn t in the least bit clear to me how an opposition to these views would be possible to be sustained And so we will continue to march proudly over the cliff ach in turn proclaiming our freedom ven as we begin our descent under the iron clad laws of gravity As someone or other much wiser than me once said it is asier to imagine the Doris Salcedo end of the world than thend of capitalism I guess therein lies Hayek s greatest legacy He inspired Milton Friedman There s nothing to add to that it s just making one speechlessAs soon as abstract not measurable highly abstract not concrete concepts and words such as freedom justice right Twelve Days of Pleasure etc are used it s often a highly alarming sign signal and warning that something is going terribly wrong that the author has left reality andntered the spheres of speculation guessing or just doing as if subjective in the best cases just ccentric DIY creative problem solving ideas can be implemented in larger systems or ven the world It reminds me of playing Chinese whisperers silent post for two reasons First because those pseudo fringe science wannabe intellectuals are as arrogant as possible while behaving like stubborn kids and second because one begins with a stupid idea that gets copied and modified and mutates to and idiotic tragically real life appliances It s also a bit like a brainstorming a creative techniue an idea constructing session completely getting out of control I ll give it a try Let s say that I am biased and hate capitalism such as Hayek hated socialism without any reason mixed it with pseudo psychology and constructed his crude and inhuman theoriesSo I want anything in the property of the state ban private companies install a system such in China or with communism Does one see how stupid and onesided that is this black and white good and bad Gustave Caillebotte: The Painter's Eye evilconomy and friendly Grand Illusion: The Third Reich, the Paris Exposition, and the Cultural Seduction of France economy But wait if we instead say that ourconomic system is as onesided and stupid as communism that s of course unacceptable treason One could produce thousands of stupid fringe theories while misusing social sciences and humanities Oh wait that s permanently done my mistake I ve said most about this topic in my reviews of Roslings FactfulnesshttpswwwgoodreadscomreviewshowPinkers Enlightenment Nowhttpswwwgoodreadscomreviewshowand Friedmans Capitalism and Freedom books are just a repetition of the same yada bla without any accuracy or legitimacySome facepalm uotes I am certain however that nothing has done so much to destroy the juridical safeguards of individual freedom as the striving after this mirage of social justice Although we had been warned by some of the greatest political thinkers of the nineteenth century by Tocueville and Lord Acton that socialism means slavery we have steadily moved in the direction of socialism Wir verdanken den Amerikanern ine gro Bereicherung der Sprache durch den bezeichnenden Ausdruck weasel word So wie das kleine Raubtier das auch wir Wiesel nennen angeblich aus inem Ei allen Inhalt heraussaugen kann ohne da man dies nachher der leeren Schale anmerkt so sind die Wiesel W rter jene die wenn man sie inem Wort hinzuf gt dieses Wort jedes Inhalts und jeder Bedeutung berauben Ich glaube das Wiesel Wort par Hard Bread (Phoenix Poets excellence ist das Wort sozial Wass Electromyography for Experimentalists eigentlich hei t wei niemand Wahr ist nur daine soziale Marktwirtschaft keine Marktwirtschaft Forgetful of Their Sex: Female Sanctity and Society, ca. 500-1100 ein sozialer Rechtsstaat kein Rechtsstaatin soziales Gewissen kein Gewissen soziale Gerechtigkeit keine Gerechtigkeit und ich f rchte auch soziale Demokratie keine Demokratie ist Because of much talk and discussion about the replication crisis with friends and in general I will add these thoughts to all following nonfiction books dealing with humanities in the future so you might have already seen it Sorry folks this is one of my last rants I am sick and tired of this and want to focus on true science and great fiction instead not this disturbed fairytales for adults who never had the chance to built a free opinion because most of the media they consume to stay informed and get ducated avoids any criticism of the current conomic systemWithout having read or heard ideas by Chomsky
Klein Ken Robinson MonbiotKen Robinson Monbiot Singer William McDonough Colin Crouch Jeremy Rifkin David Graeber John Perkins and others humans will always react to people like me condemning the manipulation Hayek was practicing with terrifying success with anger and refusalThese authors don t hide aspects of the truth and describe the real state of the world that should be read instead of pic facepalms like this They don t predict the future and preach the one only the true way ignoring anything like black swans coincidences or the for ach small child logical fact that nobody knows what will happen and collect Wicked Loving Lies exactly the free available data people such as Hayek wanted to ignore foreverSome words about the publication crisis thatven have some positive points at the La heredera del mar end so that this whole thing is not that depressingOne could call the replication crisis the viral fake newspidemic of many fields of science that was a hidden chronic disease over decades and centuries and has become xtremely widespread during the last years since the first critics began vaccinating against it provoking virulent counterarguments I don t know how lse this could nd than with nothing lse than paradigm shifts discovering many anachronisms and a better fact and number based research with many control instances before something of an impact on the social policy gets accepted A few points that led to it I had an intuitive feeling regarding this for years but the replication crisis proofed that there are too many interconnections of not strictly scientific fields such as conomics and politics with many humanities Look already some of the titles are biased towards a positive or negative attitude but thinking too optimistic is the same mistake as being too pessimistic it isn t objective any and one can be instrumentalized without ven recognizing it In natural sciences theoretical physicists astrophysicists physicians that were friends of a certain idea will always say that there is the option of change that a discovery may lead to a new revolution and that their old work has to be reexamined So in science regarding the real world the specialists are much open to change than in some humanities isn t that strange It would be as if one would say that all humans are representative similar that there are no differences But it s not Aramaic Bowl Spells: Jewish Babylonian Aramaic Bowls Volume One each time a study is made there are different people opinions so many coincidences and uniue happenings that it s impossible to reproduce it Scandinavia vs the normal world The society people live in makes happiness not theoretical not definitive concepts One can manipulate so many parameters in those studies that the result can bextremely positive or negative just depending on what who funds the study and does the study wants as results One could use the studies she he needs to create an optimistic or a pessimistic book and many studies about human nature are redundant repetitive or biased towards a certain result often an optimistic outcome or spectacular groundbreaking results Do you know who does that too Statistics Xenophon And His World (Historia Einzelschriften) economics politics and faith I wish I could be a bit optimistic than realistic but not hardvidence based stuff is a bit of a no go if it involves practical applications Geography of the Gaze: Urban and Rural Vision in Early Modern Europe especially if there is the danger of not working against big problems by doing as if they weren t there A few points that lead away from it 1 Tech2 Nordic model3 Open data open government 4 Blockchains cryptocurrencies uantum computing to makeach financial transaction transparent and traceable5 Points mentioned in the Wiki article6 It must be horrible for the poor scientists who work in those fields and are now suffering because the founding fathers used theories and concepts that have nothing to do with real science They worked hard to build a career to just find out that the predecessors integrated methods that couldn t work in other systems let s say an Groove: An Aesthetic of Measured Time evolving computer program or a machine or a human body or anywherexcept in ones imagination They are truly courageous to risk criticism because of the humanities bashing wave that won t One Wild Weekend end soon As in so many fields it are a few black sheep who ruinverything for many others and the progressive a young scientist is the he is in danger of getting smashed between a hyper sensible public awareness and the old anachronism shepherds avoiding anything progressive with the danger of a paradigm shift or Forgetful of Their Sex even a relativization of the field they dedicated their career to There has to be strict segregation between theories and ideas and applications in real life so that anything can be researched but not used to do crazy thingsThe worst bad science practice includes from Wikipedia taken from the article about the replication crisis The replication crisis or replicability crisis or reproducibility crisis is as of 2020 an ongoing methodological crisis in which it has been found that many scientific studies are difficult or impossible to replicate or reproduce The replication crisis affects the social sciences and medicine most severely2 The inability to replicate the studies of others has potentially grave conseuences for many fields of science in which significant theories are grounded on unreproduciblexperimental work The replication crisis has been particularly widely discussed in the field of psychology and in medicine where a number of fforts have been made to re investigate classic results3 A 2016 poll of 1500 scientists reported that 70% of them had failed to reproduce at least one other scientist s xperiment 50% had failed to reproduce one of their own F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby experiments8 In 2009 2% of scientists admitted to falsifying studies at least once and 14% admitted to personally knowing someone who did4 Psychological research is on average afflicted with low statistical power5 Firstly uestionable research practices RPs have been identified as common in the field18 Such practices while not intentionally fraudulent involve capitalizing on the gray area of acceptable scientific practices orxploiting flexibility in data collection analysis and reporting often in an Walled (The Line, effort to obtain a desired outcome Examples of RPs include selective reporting or partial publication of data reporting only some of the study conditions or collected dependent measures in a publication optional stopping choosing when to stop data collection often based on statistical significance of tests p value rounding rounding p values down to 005 to suggest statistical significance file drawerffect nonpublication of data post hoc storytelling framing Cruel Attachments: The Ritual Rehab of Child Molesters in Germany exploratory analyses as confirmatory analyses and manipulation of outliersither removing outliers or leaving outliers in a dataset to cause a statistical test to be significant18192021 A survey of over 2000 psychologists indicated that a majority of respondents admitted to using at least one RP18 False positive conclusions often resulting from the pressure to publish or the author s own confirmation bias are an inherent hazard in the field reuiring a certain degree of skepticism on the part of readers26 Secondly psychology and social psychology in particular has found itself at the center of several scandals involving outright fraudulent research7 Thirdly several ffects in psychological science have been found to be difficult to replicate ven before the current replication crisis Replications appear particularly difficult when research trials are pre registered and conducted by research groups not highly invested in the theory under uestioning8 Scrutiny of many ffects have shown that several core beliefs are hard to replicate A recent special dition of the journal Social Psychology focused on replication studies and a number of previously held beliefs were found to be difficult to replicate25 A 2012 special Tempting Fate edition of the journal Perspectives on Psychological Science also focused on issues ranging from publication bias to null aversion that contribute to the replication crises in psychology26 In 2015 the first openmpirical study of reproducibility in psychology was published called the Reproducibility Project Researchers from around the world collaborated to replicate 100 mpirical studies from three top psychology journals Fewer than half of the attempted replications were successful at producing statistically significant results in the xpected directions though most of the attempted replications did produce trends in the One Giant Leap expected directions9 Many research trials and meta analyses are compromised by poor uality and conflicts of interest that involve both authors and professional advocacy organizations resulting in many false positives regarding theffectiveness of certain types of psychotherapy10 The reproducibility of 100 studies in psychological science from three high ranking psychology journals44 Overall 36% of the replications yielded significant findings p value below 005 compared to 97% of the original studies that had significant Apocalyptic Cartography effects The meanffect size in the replications was approximately half the magnitude of the ffects reported in the original studies11 Highlighting the social structure that discourages replication in psychology Brian D Earp and Jim A C Everett numerated five points as to why replication attempts are uncommon505112 Independent direct replications of others findings can be time consuming for the replicating researcher13 Replications are likely to take A Bride for McCain energy and resources directly away from other projects that reflect one s own original thinking14 Replications are generally harder to publish in large part because they are viewed as being unoriginal15 Even if replications are published they are likely to be seen as bricklayingxercises rather than as major contributions to the fieldContinued in comments This book captures the frustration of classical liberals as opposed to modern liberals when they see collectivist policies Heart and Soul / Almost Heaven enacted despite the overwhelmingvidence that socialism brings about disastrous resultsHaving grown up and lived in Austria during World War I and later moving to Great Britain Hayek was particularly frustrated when he saw Britain and the United States making the sam. 1899 1992 recipient of the Medal of Freedom in 1991 and co winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 1974 was a pioneer in monetary theory and the principal proponent of libertarianism in the twentieth centuryOn the first American dition of The Road to SerfdomOne of the most important books of our generation It restates for our first American dition of The Road to SerfdomOne of the most important books of our generation It restates for our the issue between liberty and authority with the power and rigor of reasoning with which John Stuart Mill stated the issue for his own generation in his great ssay On Liberty It is an arresting call to all well intentioned planners and socialists to all those who are sincere democrats and liberals at heart to stop look and listen Henry Hazlitt New York Times Book Review September 1944In the negative part of Professor Hayek's thesis there is a great deal of truth It cannot be said too often at any rate it is not being said nearly often nough that collectivism is not inherently democratic but on the contrary gives to a tyrannical minority such powers as the Spanish Inuisitors never dreamt of George Orwell Collected Essa.