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The Apache Wars The Hunt for Geronimo the Apache Kid and the Captive Boy Who Started the Longest War in American History

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Nd indeed this was a marvellous and thrilling story of the Apaches in the American WestThe author tells a great story of how the kidnapping of one boy Mickey Free in 1861 led to a war between the various Apaches tribes and the white eyes settling their land a war that didn t end ntil 1886 and the removal of numerous Apache bands to FloridaThis is a story of brutality massacres murder dishonesty and theft committed on both sides with random abandon to the conseuences for the many innocents caught Amber, Furs and Cockleshells up in this conflict I felt that the author provided a non biased account of the events and left itp to the reader to decide who was most in the wrongThe author starts his book with providing some details on the area known as Apacheria the people who lived in this area and a short history of those who settled this land Two maps at the front of the book gives you an idea of the tribal regions within this area that covers the United States and Mexican border and the main towns and topographical features within the regionHe takes the time to discuss some features of the Native Americans known as Apaches for example War was for revenge and revenge only It was a warrior s duty mercy was not viewed as a virtue Torture had long been a common practice among the Apaches but they practiced it on the Spanish with a vengeance A chief of the Aravaipa Apaches once bragged of how he had buried a captive alive Rebels Guide to Rosa Luxemburg up to his neck and then watched the ants devour his head Prisoners were often staked out on ant hills with their mouth propped open to allow ravenous insects easy entry Every expression of pain or agony is hailed with delight noted a frontier soldier and the one whose inventive genius can devise the most excruciating kind of death is deemed worthy of honor It was not good to be taken captive by the ApachesTo counter that horror he also provides accounts like the story of when General Oliver Howard took a delegation of Apache Indian chiefs to Washington to meet The Great White FatherOne of the most touching moments of the entire journey occurred in Washington when the Indians visited the College of Deaf Mutes Miguel immediately established a rapport with the deaf boys and with sign language enthralled them with tales of the animals and forests far to the west where he lived They responded with stories of their own and for a brief moment common humanity overcame the yawning gulf of race and cultureAnother story that I foundite interesting was this account about the Indian scout Al Sieber and a prospector by the name of Ed Schieffelin who wanted to explore the country south along the San Pedro RiverSchieffelin had prospected in California Nevada Idaho and Oregon and knew his business but Sieber warned him off That s Apache country Al told Schieffelin You go out there and all you ll find will be your tombstone Schieffelin ignored Sieber and in the spring of 1878 discovered a rich vein of silver in the Dragoon Mountain foothills east of San Pedro Within a decade silver valued at than 30 million had been extracted from eleven mines near the boomtown that Schieffelin named TombstoneOn numerous occasions the author provides details of the conflict that raged between the American military civilians living in the area the Indian Agency and other government agencies in how to deal with the Native Americans He details how some Indian agents cheated their wards and drove many Indians off their reservations and onto the warpathIt was soon discovered that Hart had also shortchanged the Indians on rations with rigged scales for beef brought stolen Mexican cattle from out laws and then sold the good cattle to the miners in Globe while he added the sickly culls to the agency herd colluded with corrupt contractors kept ghost employees on his payroll inflated census counts to acuire extra rations to sell on the open market and conspired with Commissioner Hayt to change the western reservation boundary to protect their secret mining claimsOr this by another Indian agentA test of the San Carlos stock scales that were The Christian at Mass used to weigh beef issued to the Indiansncovered that They Were Indeed Rigged So That Each Week Tiffany Had were indeed rigged so that each Week Tiffany Had The Tiffany had paid the for 1500 pounds beef than was actually delivered Crook also learned that it was common practice to keep the cattle from water for several days before they were brought to San Carlos and then to water them in the Gila River just before they were weighed In that hot dry climate they came on the scales looking like miniature Zeppelins declared Lieutenant Britton Davis The Government was paying a pretty stiff price for half a barrel of Gila River water delivered with each beef There was not enough fat on the animals to fry a jackrabbit The repercussions for these Sunce je počelo da se zlati under hand dealings by those placed to look after the welfare of the Apachessually fell on innocent ranchers and settlers as the Apaches took revenge on any who fell into their path as they broke out of the reservations to return to their ancestral lands However many Apaches bent to the White Eyes will and took ハリー・ポッターと賢者の石 (ハリー・ポッターシリーズ up the hatchet against their kin and enlisted as Indian Scouts with the US Army They played a pivotal role in many of the engagements during this long campaign For example the White Mountain Apache chief and scout for the US Armynder General Crook Sergeant William Alchesay who was later awarded a Medal of Honor for gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches in the Arizona Territory during the winter of 1872 to 1873 while serving as an Indian Scout This was a great book full of page turning stories and accounts of the various engagements fought between the US cavalry From Beautiful Zion to Red Bird Creek under Generals Crook and Nelson Miles and Apache chiefs and war leaders like Mangas Colorado Cochise Naiche Nana Geronimo Lozen Victorio and many others Plus we read of the many ordinary and not so ordinary people who also made this history Al Seiber the Apache Kid Britton Davis Charles Gatewood amongst others I really loved reading about the trials and tribulations of the Chiricahua people and other tribes that madep the Apache homelands If you love stories of the American West or just great historical drama then I am pretty sure you will enjoy this bookGeronimo the movie William Alchesay The Apache Wars by Paul Andrew Hutton was my Blogging for Books choice It was a subject I knew almost nothing aboutAt nearly 500 pages this book offers a complete and detailed history of the relationship between the Native Americans of Apacheria and Americans whose expansion encroached into their traditional homelands This is not a book for the fainthearted and I rued not making a list to keep track of the ever changing major players The publisher description calls it a sprawling monumental work about the two decades of the last war for the West through the eyes of the men and women who lived it Because the book is encyclopedic it can be overwhelming I moved by the stories and ite disgusted once encyclopedic it can be overwhelming I moved by the stories and ite disgusted once by the horrible choices American government has made concerning those we fear or those just plain in the way of progress which mostly means making money It was very interesting to learn details of the Apache cultureWhen I was a kid in the 50s watching the TV and movie westerns there were several cliches one being white man speak with forked tongue Well that is about it in a nutshell Treaties and promises were broken with impunity and the Apache who sought peace were treated badly and barely trusted And there were leaders who tired of war and just wanted peace with the White Eyes Not giving them a fair deal lost their trust Even when Pre. Man Geronimo ever feared He played a pivotal role in this long war for the desert Southwest from its beginning in 1861 From Mistress to Wifey until its end in 1890 with his pursuit of the renegade scout Apache Kid In this sprawling monumental work Paul Huttonnfolds over two decades of the last war for the West through the eyes of the men and women who lived it This is Mickey Free's story but also the story of his contemporaries the great Apache leaders Mangas Coloradas Cochise and Victorio; the soldiers Kit Car. .
At times dense and overwhelming but definitely worth reading Hutton does a great job compiling the longest war in American history without making it read like a textbook It s as Disney Infinity: Character Encyclopedia unbiased and fair as possible and the author does a good job of outlining when the White Eyes white Americans are screwing over the Apaches and vice versa obviously though the White Eyes are the biggest ones at fault I knew literally nothing before starting this and it kinda blew my mind wild west history is so fascinating I had heard of Geronimo and the Apache kid but it was completely out of context to what really happened It s a sad story of aickly diminishing land broken treaties vengeance raids kidnappings and murder It k I received a copy of this book for free through Goodreads Giveaways A few years back I took a Native American History class that purported to be the most truthful look at aboriginal Americans possible having moved beyond the noble savage trope and being surpassingly even handed The teacher then spent the whole semester excoriating white people and lauding native people That really fits into the zeitgeist of the times as cultural analysis seems to have broken down into a shallow view of white people aka colonialist imperialist racist oppressors versus non white people aka colonized enslaved persecuted victims So it s incredibly refreshing to come across a book like The Apache Wars that legitimately deals with the people it follows with an honest Dance With The Devil unflinching eye toward painting an accurate picture of the southwest in the late 1800s Nobody comes off as purely good or entirely evil regardless of ethnic identity Apache are shown to be ruthless raiders as often as putpon Smitten underdogs buffeted by the winds of the United States manifest destiny Representatives of the US and Mexican governments are by turns righteous well meaning incompetentncaring or genocidal Individuals as with the titular Apache Kid are shown to be nuanced with loyalties divided along racial fraternal ideological and moral lines When dealing with the conflicting interests of multiple disparate groups The Apache Wars isn t afraid to cast the players in shades of grey It s also a book that isn t driven by action movie pacing There are freuent skirmishes related but one of the main takeaways is how low the body count in military engagements tended to be and how easily the targets of dedicated manhunts managed to escape The titular hunt for Geronimo is noteworthy for how often he slipped through the fingers of his pursuers variously through the incompetence of the military the fog of war skill guile and duplicity Minor encounters where shots are fired nobody is injured and the hunted get away clean are related in a way that would doubtlessly be culled from a book aiming purely for an exciting narrative but it s a necessary detail to show if you want an honest picture of the times Given the extreme focus on one region in a particular era and a specific set of people the book has a lot of details and information I hadn t previously been aware of At over 400 pages it might be a bit lengthy and overly specific for some people s taste but I value any book I come away from with a better picture of the world so I found The Apache Wars immensely enjoyable I imagine that when some distanced historian in the future writes a history of the war in Afghanistan or the various Middle Eastern conflicts it will read a lot like this As in its subtitle this book characterizes the war between the US Armysettlers and the Apaches as the longest war in American history certainly those contemporary conflicts are coming to rival it in lengthBefore a bullet gets fired it all begins in fundamental cultural conflict Living in the harsh physical environment of the American Southwest the Apaches were a nomadic people They survived by accessing whatever resources they could That often meant raiding and commandeering the resources of others Because the purpose of the raids was survival violence was avoided if at all possible A perfect raid would be theft without killing When communities battled one another it was for the purpose of revenge the killing of one clan
s member reuired 
member reuired to say such vengeance oriented ethic could escalate very ickly and that s exactly what happened when white vengeance oriented ethic could escalate very ickly and that s exactly what happened when white appeared on the scene Ranchers and farmers were not going to tolerate raids of their property and the Apaches were prepared to wreak whatever violence they could on those who dared 1898 use their guns on themThings turnedgly very fast There were no heroes here The Apaches facing the overwhelming force of the US Army essentially played the role of terrorists Night of the Werewolf (Choose Your Own Nightmare, unwilling to spare hardly anyone when they were on the warpath including children and infants The US Armyndertook essentially a policy of genocideBut this was a guerrilla war much like the conflicts of today There was no front Pursuits of Apache groups criss crossed southern Arizona and New Mexico and northern Mexico There were few big battles but plenty of skirmishes On the Army side confusion led to frustration which led to a lot of personnel changes Others knew how to exploit the confusion for personal gain and corruption among some of those administering the war was rifeAll this activity with such a broad cast of characters not to mention the fact that the Apaches were neither a homogeneous group but had many differences among themselves some even served as Army scouts makes for a busy narrative It certainly helps to read with the book in one hand and a map in the other to trace all the movementSome characters stand out with lives so interesting they could carry their own books and indeed have along with movies Cochise Tom Horn Mickey Free the Apache Kid Tom Jeffords not to mention Geronimo But this book well accomplishes the task of the tale of a complex time in Western American history together connecting how all book well accomplishes the task of the tale of a complex time in Western American history together connecting how all relateAnd perhaps even giving some insight into our own time Paul Hutton has produced a major work on the Apache Wars He details the background and customs of the tribe and describes the terrain over which this book plays out A wealth of detail conveys the story of the conflict between Mexico the US and the Apache nationThe Apache were a nomadic warier culture There substance came from raids on the people around them The author states that at their peak the numbered only eight to ten thousand Even with this small number they burned their mark onto a hundred years of the history of Northern Mexico and the Southwestern United StatesHe starts his story with the kidnaping of an Irish Mexican child named Felix Tellez in January of 1861 The child was raised by the Apache and came to be called Mickey Free This kidnapping was the proximate cause of the Chiricahua Wars This was the first of an almost continues series of conflicts between the Apache Nation and the United States and Mexico The story of Mickey Free would weave in and out of these conflicts As a grown man he sided against the tribe and was a scout and a bounty hunter This is a dense book filled with a wealth of detail Finishing it one feels that the subject has been well covered I recommend it highly but it is not a Lay My Burden Down uick read However it will repay the time invested After re watching the 1993 movie Geronimo I had anrgent desire to read something on the Apaches I scoured my library and found I had an Vérité (Love at Center Court, unread copy of Paul Andrew Hutton s book The Apache Wars With a sub title of The Hunt for Geronimo the Apache Kid and the Captive Boy Who Started the Longest War in American History I figured I couldn t go wrong In the tradition of Empire of the Summer Moon a stunningly vivid historical account of the manhunt for Geronimo and the 25 year Apache struggle for their homeland They called him Mickey Free His kidnapping started the longest war in American history and both sides the Apaches and the white invaders blamed him for it A mixed blood warrior who movedneasily between the worlds of the Apaches and the American soldiers he was never trusted by either but desperately needed by both He was the only. Sident Grant endeavored to change how the Apache were treated by sending Dutch Reformed agents did not improve how the Apache faredHutton s knowledge is incredible and his treatment of this war fair and Beyond the Qumran Community unbiased Geronimo gets the best line in this bookYou are the false White Eye who came to the Chiricahua Reservation a year ago and broke the peace treaty made by the Great Chief and Taglito and the one arm general Do not talk to me about breaking treaties you and your sick brainHowever it seems that a fair number of fellow Apaches felt that Geronimo too suffered from a sick brain which in turn caused them much suffering I m not suggesting that Hutton implies a moral euivalency between US Army and Geronimo for the blame for escalating violence clearly rests with the whites but nonetheless in demonstrating this shared tragic malady Hutton reveals just how complex the war becameHutton is a fine writer but he describes every raid ambush battle no matter how small or large in the kind of exacting detail one would expect in a lecture on tactics at the War College I like military history but this kind of thorough accounting of every movement got wearisomeickly to the point that I started skimming some of these sections about half way through the bookBut overall Hutton is a good storyteller with a very good eye for vivid description some of which though rather grim is Daniels Pet uite evocative He often ends chapters with such descriptions which madep for the monotonous detail enough so that I started anticipating the next example Here s a highlightAt the Apache Pass the bodies of the six warriors hung precariously from the four oak trees for days then weeks and then months The Apaches in fear of the spirits of the dead avoided the place They would not touch the bodies The wolves and coyotes took turns in a leaping dance beneath the bodies in hopes of pulling them down but they had been hanged too high The ravens plucked out their eyes and the owls and vultures fed Losing Control upon the flesh As spring turned to summer thenrelenting sun scorched the ropes why they hung Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep (light novel) until finally the snapped and the bodies turned to the ground Then the ants marched forth to consume what was left The rains of August swept away the bleached bones and all that was left of the six Apaches vanished back into the desert sands over which they had once so freely roamedGranted Hutton appears to be indulging some poetic license here but this is no mere inventory of sensationalist detail for shock effect There is a rhythm and movement in the prose that reflects the inexorable destruction and vanishing not just of a six warriors but of an entire people It was passages like this one that kept me reading 3 12 stars Received through firstreads giveawayPrior to this what I ve read about the old west had been limited to books about the Lincoln County War Billy the Kid and others in that vein This was so much interesting than I was expecting I kept picking itp to read another chapter Full of detail In particular I appreciated how the author gave some background information on everyone bringing them to life as real people with both good and bad PHILIPPINES 1/1M3 ualities instead of just saying this guy was a jerk or this guy was so very honorable So many books characterize their subjects in black and white terms which makes them seem like characters not actual people The author also did a good job of including a wide range of people instead of just focusing on two or three which would have been the easier route Will review later This is probably one of the best histories I have read inite some time It is well written well researched thorough and actually interesting and entertaining A few years ago I realized that my knowledge of the history of our western expansion and of native American history was less than adeuate I set about to correct that inadeuacy with the purchase and reading of a few then recently published books dealing with these subjects When Apache Wars came out I immediately bought a copy in an effort to continue my study of this area of our national history While this is an excellent book sadly the history is سفر عاشوريات _ 1000 جملة ساخرة uitegly This seems to be the case with all the histories of the interactions between whites and native Americans Even looking at the situation as objectively as possible however there doesn t seem to be an outcome that would ever result in a conclusion much different than what occurred The Indians in this case the Apache tribe were ever result in a conclusion much different than what occurred The Indians in this case the Apache tribe were very primitive and violent culture that not only resisted change or evolution but were determined to adhere to their Old Ways Their old ways were to victimize other weaker tribal groups and anyone else that had anything they might want In short they survived by stealing and when necessary killing the owners of the property they desired If the killing wasn t bad enough they seemed to enjoy torturing their victims to death They were capable of significant acts of brutality even toward small children Their Old Ways were obviously not going to be tolerated once the Whites arrived in their territory Unfortunately the Indians lacked the nderstanding of how insurmountable the number and resources of their new neighbors were Had they known the futility of their desires I doubt it would have made a difference as Death In Battle Was in battle was to death as a slave which is how they characterized the way whites lived In this book the author details the history of the conflict between the whites and the Apaches It starts with the kidnapping of a young white boy aged about 10 or 12 The kidnapping nderstandably raises the local white population and the cavalry to anger and arms Cochise the local Apache chief is wrongly accused of involvement and his arrest is attempted This leads to a shoot out and the capture of some of Cochise s relatives while he escapes A siege is then launched by the Apaches against the whites who are trapped at a stage coach station called Apache Pass This boy is never rescued but grows to manhood in the Apache culture and he later becomes known as Mickey Free He becomes a famous Scout and interpreter for the various Army and Indian agents that employ him throughout the last half of the 19th century This book can easily be seen as a partial biography of Mickey Free as he is prominent throughout the book But after you read the book you can t help but conclude that while Mickey s kidnapping did start the conflict between the whites and the Apache the kidnapping was really irrelevant If it hadn t been this incident it would have been something else Conflict was inevitable As long as the Apache lived by their Old Ways and came increasingly in contact with whites there was bound to be trouble and violence on a massive scale As long as the Apache refused to evolve they were a doomed culture and frankly I am surprised "that any of them survived at all the "any of them survived at all The of the time were not exactly a bunch of bleeding heart liberals and the nature and violent scope of the depredations inflicted on them by Apache raids were than enough to incite these people to seek revenge on a similarly massive scale Attempts to domesticate the tribal groups met with limited and partial success while other groups continued to raid and kill It was only after suffering continuous losses in this war of Indian attrition that the end finally came What I find interesting to consider is how such an gly and violent period of our history in which there are really very few real heroes became so glamorized in our popular fiction and film I highly recommend this book for anyone with an interest in this period of our histor. Son O O Howard George Crook and Nelson Miles; the scouts and frontiersmen Al Sieber Tom Horn Tom Jeffords and Texas John Slaughter; the great White Mountain scout Alchesay and the Apache female warrior Lozen; the fierce Apache warrior Geronimo; and the Apache Kid These lives shaped the violent history of the deserts and mountains of the Southwestern borderlands a bleak and nforgiving world where a people would make a final bloody stand against an American war machine bent on their destructio. ,