S from GPS to email to your candy crush habit and on the other governments sell data to raise cash Incredibly the British NHS is contemplating the sale of Brit s medical data providing a rich resource for all those wanting to identify the sick and vulnerable to sell them thingsOf course it is at the point that the pull is joined by a push that we need to be aware of the power of Google et al What would happen asks Schneier if Google suddenly decided only to show enrol to vote ads to Democrat voters Statistically that may be enough to swing an election Or as one real estate search service did do show property ads only for neighborhoods of predominately the same race as the searcher Or show firearms ads to suicidal people of a particular political ethnic or cultural group Or display reproductive services ads only to women from certain demographicsBecause I read neurosciencey stuff as well one of the synergies which most hit me here was research that shows how influenced we are by the seuencing of information So women who are reminded that men score better than women on math tests will do worse in the test than those who weren t Police who have just heard about a black man shooting a cop are City Limits likely to shoot unarmed black men What we see online when we see it and what follows on from that changes the way we react to situations around us The power inherent in our mobile phones our search engines and our government databases is immenseThe uestion is how do we define what we want to do with this technology The kind of people we want to beAnd finally do we really want a world where ourives are totally transparent to those with power but the workings of that power the warrants the algorithms the extent of the surveillance are as obscure as blackout curtains Whose world is this anyway Bruce Schneier covers all the bases weaving together countless news stories and recent revelations to give us the big picture view on data and its uses in our times Pulled together in one place Schneier illustrates the urgency of finding reasonable solutions to these hidden trade offs that we ve argely accepted because we never had much of a choice And refreshingly he offers his set of solutions and next stepsSchneier s solutions ike incent new business models for corporations that run on data which I agree offer broad strokes but ack practicalities of exactly how to do that Also Schneier does not present a concise definition of surveillance He shows how the same data can be used for improving systems as can be used to monitor and track users to control or coerce them But to me it is important to unpack some dissection of intent in the use of that same data A clearer definition of surveillance to what ends seems necessaryThis book is timely and one of the first to ay down the stakes of our data driven society It is a must read for anyone with an interest and sense of the importance of our data society citizen consumer government employee marketer tech company and so on Disclosure Bruce is a friend and colleague at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society and I had the honor to read and comment on drafts of the book in various forms If you ve never heard of Ghostery or Disconnect go ahead and Culture and Enchantment look them up Try out their web browser extensions you can always easily uninstall them What youl notice is that you re being tracked by many companies some of which you ve heard of but many of them will be unfamiliar There aren t just a few companies tracking you but well over a thousand And it s not just companies that are tracking you but governments as well this should already be obvious What s great about this book is that it doesn t go into much technical detail which is great for nontechies it just gives you an overview of what s happening to your data as you browse around online and Solid intro to the mythsrealities of privacysecurity in the Age of Information Technology for the general public by an IT specialistThe Good In the modern world of complex abstractions finance world market mass media foreign policy science technology etc there is a pressing need for introductions that balance accessibility without sacrificing nuance Schneier combines technical expertise computer security cryptography with a down to earth writing style a gift for the public In aying out the realities of the Age of Information Technology IT here are some highlights1 Data as a by product of computing indeed often as an exhaust a pollutant a market externality that needs to be accounted for2 But I have nothing to hide the humansocial need for privacy the power relations censorship unaccountability the current realities of ubiuitous mass surveillance and mass permanent storage etc A good follow up This Machine Kills Secrets How WikiLeakers Cypherpunks and Hacktivists Aim to Free the World s Information3 Targeted vs mass surveillance how metadata is still surveillance4 The political economy of Corporate and State surveillance and their interactions with some useful bits on the business ie profit models of IT The BadMissing Once we move outside of the author
S IT Expertise AndIT expertise and areas of terrorismforeign policy global trade business competitiveness and the subseuent hurdle of solutions we need to supplement our efforts For profit and IT I m still searching for an accessible intro as these are advanced Postcapitalism A Guide to Our Future The Zero Marginal Cost Society The Internet of Things the Collaborative Commons and the Eclipse of Capitalism On TerrorAmerican mass media propaganda has warped political affiliations into a hot mess so we need to make the effort in untangling the principles from the contradictions A key thread to untangle is American foreign policy s role in terror It is tiresome hearing someone as intelligent as Schneier 1 carefully calibrate his finely balanced technical case for security vs privacy while 2 assuming US intelligence is solely focused on domestic security for US citizens and at worst is overzealous in this goal OrwellianAre we to ignore US intelligence military s stupendous record of funding terror mostly fascist paramilitary thugs throughout the world to destabilize threats ie anti colonialists grassroots participatory democracy not just communists but iterally the world to destabilize threats ie anti colonialists grassroots participatory democracy not just communists but D DAY Through German Eyes 2 literally human obstacle and bystander to American corporations Of course Islamophobes do not give a damn about the rest of the world but The War on Terror sie on domestic security is beyond cartoonish Who propped up moderate rebels ones who threw acid in the faces of unveiled women in the first place to go after USSR in Afghanistan Who propped up and continually protects the Saudi Wahhabi monarchy against often democratic reformist often secular challenges Baroque Personae like Egypt s Nasser Iran s Mosaddegh Ira s asim etc etcAn empire reuires its periphery to be smashed and dependent and eveniberals are comfortable with this especially if the periphery is coloured The ower classes of the empire pay for this violence through taxes while social spending is minimal and ives enlisting in the mercenary army of aggression blow back A meaningful solution to terrorism at home would be to identify this process and protest the creation of terrorism abroadOn IT foreign policy Cypherpunks Freedom and the Future of the Internet When Google Met WikileaksOn history of foreign policy The Management of Savagery How America s National Security State Fueled the Rise of Al aeda ISIS and Donald Trump Killing Hope US Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II Hegemony or Survival America s uest for Global Dominance Manufacturing Consent The Political Economy of the Mass Media Blackshirts and Reds Rational Fascism and the Overthrow of Communism Data and Goliath is an eye opening read I mean I understand how I m under constant surveillance due to things Did the Greeks Believe in Their Myths? like my smartphone or cookies or Facebook and I understand that the government gets access to aot of this information via the Snowden eaks but I guess I never fully connected all the dots enough in a single unified understanding of my world Bruce Schneier provides itMost of the book is somewhat technical helping the reader understand how data about them is collected and used It does a good job of disseminating the Snowden whistleblowing information as well so it s all very informative That being said the evel of information often made me feel hopeless Codependent Forevermore: The Invention of Self in a Twelve Step Group like there was nothing that could be done and I almost had to just accept that this is howife is nowThe final few chapters offer some respite from this feeling of hopelessness It contains sections on what governments ought to do what people should do in the macro sense and even what people should do in the micro sense just for themselves to avoid surveillance Schneier isn t idealistic about it either he s pragmatic and fully admits that there are some data people will be willing to turn over for convenience security or usability There s nothing wrong with that everyone s got to find their sweet spotMostly though I just came away feeling Conscience and Memory: Meditations in a Museum of the Holocaust like Bruce Schneier is a national treasure Can I vote for him for some kind of public office Anything really In a world of seeminglyimitless insanity he s a consistently sane voice I highly recommend everyone read Data and Goliath. Our own making But have we given up than we’ve gained In Data and Goliath security expert Bruce Schneier offers another path one that values both security and privacy He brings his bestseller up to date with a new preface covering the Conscience and Memory latest developments and then shows us exactly what we can do to reform government surveillance programs shake up surveillance based business models and protect our individual privacy You'll neverook at your phone your computer your credit cards or even your car in the same way aga. .
Big Data helps in the indirect way of realizing dystopiasPlease note that I put the original German text at the end of this review Just if you might be interestedA book that is widely scattered and explains all aspects of the precarious situation to illustrate an increasingly threatening dilemma better In contrast to other non fiction books on the subject which place the primary focus on the technical economic political or cultural aspect of the volatile situation and thus dilute it in partThe application possibilities and therefore the misappropriation of big data are Pansy Vol. 6 limitless especially in cooperation with ever better neural networks and nationwide surveillanceIt is interesting how the desires on the part of the state can change For example if a system initially developed only for toll monitoring also arouses the interest of police and border guards Many procedures seem to be tested on asylum seekers and foreigners such as biometric passports and fingerprints These were until recently obligatory only for these groups but will now be imposed on all citizens Every ten years new of course if one wouldike to call a valid passport his ownThe digitization of health data also offers exciting options for refusing potentially affected persons from chronic or hereditary diseases by insurance companies In addition to the actual benefits of the evaluation census delivers results that can be used in many other waysThe names for the ever further expansion of the democratically highly uestionable action of the policy are Edible Memory: The Lure of Heirloom Tomatoes and Other Forgotten Foods large eavesdropping data retention or Patriot Act Like their predecessors they are often considered illegal by the Constitutional Court in various respectsAll efforts under the term eGovernment to bundle all the details of humanife in one file as well as the preventive monitoring of payment transactions using the example of SWIFT round off the picture of the trend towards total controlThe state s attitude regarding civil rights shows in pure culture on the example of the bootlegger are criminals campaign Which with a draconian punishment catalog in favor of the media industry in the hinduarters provides uite realistic expectations for the conseue I Elizabeth I love the topic Iove the details provided in this book But to tell a story you need than a great topic and a bunch of facts One needs a narrative and an attitude to tie the pieces together This book Education in a New Society lacked the story telling je ne sais uoiiteral I don t know what but figuratively elusive uality though he does have the attitudeI don t think there is any current topic where I could be interested in than along the Education in a New Society: Renewing the Sociology of Education lines of the merging of the data that is out there with computers and algorithms and I would consider Edward Snowden a hero because what we haveearned from him and the potential to do harm as well as good with the merging of big data with computers and the power of using context and content that both government and corporations and even private citizens can use against us or for us as a potential threat to our iberty or a boon to our euality Complete iberty means no euality and complete euality means no The Baby Swap Miracle liberty There is a balance and booksike this can off While reading this I think of Wile E Coyote in a shed on railroad tracks wanting to close the door in the face of an oncoming train that will shortly flatten him When I read books ike this about how intrusive the surveilance that we have by simply owning a cell phone and a computer I feel ike Wile E wanting to close the door and pretend that train is not barrelling down on us By using free apps and search engines we are probed by governments and corporations in a way that the Stasi would envy You know its happening and close the shed and hope you don t get flattened by the oncoming train Birthday present for myself Bought it at Santa Cruz Bookstore and the cashier scolded me for taking the magnetic anti theft tracker out of the book before buying it Savor the ironyUpdate Finished the book on 313I read this at the same time I was istening to The Snowden Files and No Place To Hide on Audible so they are all jumbled up in my head They are also probably jumbled up with We Are Anonymous and Dataclysm too Instead of a review for each I just have this series of notes interspersed with work notes that I uickly jotted down in my hipster Evernote Moleskine notebook The surveillance state really seems to exist as an insurance policy for politicians than for our safety It is presented as a false choice between security and terrorism or some terrible event Machine earning algorithms which I am certainly not an expert in though I ve read several books on the topic are not well suited to detecting terror attacks or single events The cost of a false negative is a terrorist attackevent and the cost of a false positive is deploying SWAT teams manual surveillance of suspects going undercover etc There aren t
"enough events one hopes to effectively tune an algorithm Things machine earning are good for "events hopes to effectively tune an algorithm Things machine earning algorithms are good for ads profiling people demographically political Excommunication: Three Inquiries in Media and Mediation leanings sexual orientation detecting fraudulent transactions spelling corrections recommending products Cost for each false posneg is veryow and plenty of eventsdata points to tune with Business model offer services for free in exchange for turning over data This seems to be an accident of the Internet because no one will actually pay for content Now the data is worth than you could pay for the services Free apps with ads gross than one time paid apps Data can also be resold to data brokers for additional revenue Boston Marathon bombers was not stopped by the surveillance state despite one of the brothers being on watch Gender Justice lists and a specific warning from Russia The bombers didn t disguise themselves and were chatty enough to tell a carjack victim that they were the bombers yet all of the NSA and FBI data was worthless for its specifically intended purpose Underwear bomber was not stopped by the surveillance state despite repeated warnings by his father at the US embassy at his country of origin It was prevented by alert bystanders on the plane I wonder how many of them were subseuently put on watchists after emailing descriptions of the event to friends due to using specific keywords Again all the NSA and FBI data was worthless And the TSA s response was Oh yeah Generations and Collective Memory liuids One scary aspect of the collection of data is to think of how social norms will change in 10 years so things you said or did now could be used against you in a whole different context This was public information but Brandon Eich was forced to resign as CEO of Mozilla Corporation after it came out that he donated to Yes on Proposition 8 against gay marriage six years earlier Give me access to a decade of your email texts postsikes tweets retweets etc and I m pretty sure I could get you fired from your job or at east make it so that you can t volunteer at your kid s school I saw Selma and it struck me how the FBI used personal information to put political pressure on MLK Jr in the movie That s the ultimate argument against people who say that they have nothing to hide Also I l bet it s much easier to find and prove plagiarism now A From Notes to Narrative lot of the defenses offered by the government are based on specific interpretations of words or phrasesike collect Also the defense We aren t Guitar Makers: The Endurance of Artisanal Values in North America listening to your phone calls is technically true because that is much harder to process than metadata about the phone calls which can reveal much information and is much computer friendly During the Cold War the US couldn t decrypt any of Russia s messages but was still able toearn a ot through traffic analysis The US could isten in to Russia s cell phones until someone tipped them off about that and they encrypted them I Hard Bread (Phoenix Poets (Paper)) like Justice Brandeis s notion of the right to beet alone It S Interesting That The interesting that the Government positions itself as not being able to get much done ie Congress yet it is able to force Bolivia s presidential plane to and in Austria on a moment s notice to be searched because of a rumor that Mr Snowden was on board It s makes me wonder how much this fecklessness is real and how much is a charade CEOs of companies who make money from their customers information are happy to publicly state that privacy is deadoverratedold fashioned and then they fly off to Davos or Bohemian Grove for closed sessions I m trying not to confuse that with not wanting to be Google stalked or with PR which are different things I recently read Command and Control which is a fascinating ook into the way the US nuclear arsenal was handled One very interesting part was the early struggle for control over these powerful weapons between civilian and military control Civilian eventually won out as we know I wonder if a similar struggle is going on for control of this new powerful weapon And I wonder if it matters that this time the weapon is pointed at us instead of people on other continents I m nervous about using encryption now that I know that encrypted messages are automatically being stored I m working on a Google Doc with a ist of plug ins browsers etc for staying reasonably safe and anonymous on the Internet I think the corporate tracking is actually insidious Mr Schneie. Your cell phone provider tracks your ocation and knows who’s with you Your online and in store purchasing patterns are recorded and reveal if you're unemployed sick or pregnant Your e mails and texts expose your intimate and casual friends Google knows what you’re thinking because it saves your private searches Facebook can determine your sexual orientation without you ever mentioning itThe powers that surveil us do than simply store this information Corporations use surveillance to manipulate not only the new. R has a Foraging for Survival lot of good tipsike having your browser delete cookies when it closes that I m going to start using right away though it s always a balance between security and usability One personal note about Snowden In my career I have worked with a few people who haven t graduated high school not enough to draw scientifically valid conclusions about but to a person they have been brilliant but horrible to work with The main issues are 1 they have no conflict resolution skills think MTV s Real World and 2 a ton of blind spots in their knowledge that they won t acknowledge for fear their whole intellectual edifice will come crashing down I have also worked with a few people who haven t graduated college and about 12 of them are Fragments like this to aesser extent too I m not saying high school and college are all that great especially intellectually but there is some kind of necessary socialization that takes place Anyway I wonder if Snowden was a terror to work with I know that there was at Foundations of Tropical Forest Biology: Classic Papers with Commentaries least one bad performance review from his CIA days He certainly seems to have mellowed out nicely and in the videos I have seen and transcripts I have read he explains things very very patiently and well But maybe that personality type andack of socialization was necessary to do what he did The bottom ine There is a massive surveillance apparatus built up with the stated goal of owning the Internet and getting into all the networks It is growing with the help of Moore s Law an unlimited budget and the assistance of the argest Internet companies The egal arguments being used to justify it shocked even the authors of the Patriot Act not exactly soft hearted iberals It is immensely powerful and growing so even though it is not making us one iota safer on an individual or societal evel And though for now it s in the hands of a government that we can reasonably trust the head of the NSA has already ied directly to Congress about it and there is basically no oversight or accountability for how it is used Reading this book was deeply unsettling After Edward Snowden perhaps none of us is naive about how easily information about any of us can be found but the author whom the dust jacket bills as one of the world s foremost security experts takes the reader into the belly of the beast as it were After the first chapter I was reeling I work with a colleague who is extremely careful with her electronic trail I had always thought maybe she was a bit paranoid I would blithely think oh I m too boring for anyone to care to track Ha We are ALL being tracked The author says that people often say if you have nothing to hide you have nothing to worry about He notes that that patently understates the problem People change society changes when you feel as though there is always someone watching As he notes on page 32Philosopher Jeremy Bentham conceived of his panopticon in the One Ticket To Texas late 1700s as a way to build cheaper prisons His idea was a prison where every inmate could be surveilled at any time unawares The inmate would have no choice but to assume that he was always being watched and would therefore conform This idea has been used as a metaphor for mass personal data collection both on the Internet and off On the Internet surveillance is ubiuitous All of us are being watched all the time and that data is being stored forever This is what an information age surveillance stateooks Helpmate like and it s efficient beyond Bentham s wildest dreamsTheast section of the book has chapters with solutions for government solutions for corporations and solutions for the rest of us In the course of the book he details how corporations track us in order to sell us stuff while government forces the corporations to share the data and often to create back doors to data that compromise security for everyone He does however discourage fatalism saying on page 225There is strength in numbers and if the public outcry grows governments and corporations will be forced to respond We are trying to prevent an authoritarian government Art, Culture, and Cuisine: Ancient and Medieval Gastronomy like the one portrayed in Orwell s Nineteen Eighty Four and a corporate ruled stateike the ones portrayed in countless dystopian cyberpunk science fiction novels We are nowhere near either of those endpoints but the train is moving in both those directions and we need to apply the brakesHe says we as a society have been ready to give up freedom for a sense of security so stoking our fear has been a way to intrude on our privacy without an outcry He notes that this is not uniue to our own time period On page 235 he commentsThe government offers us this deal if you et us have all of your data we can protect you from crime and terrorism It s a rip off It doesn t work And it overemphasizes group security at the expense of individual security The bargain Google offers us is similar and it s similarly out of balance if you et us have all of your data and give up your privacy we will show you advertisements you want to see and we Black British Cultural Studies: A Reader ll throw in free web search e mail and all sorts of other services Companiesike Google and Facebook can only make that bargain when enough of us give up our privacy The group can only benefit if enough individuals acuiesceHe goes on to say page 237The big uestion is this how do we design systems that make use of our data collectively to benefit society as a whole while at the same time protecting people individuallyThis is the fundamental issue of the information age We can solve it but it will reuire careful thinking about the specific issues and moral analysis of the specific issues and moral analysis of different solutions affect our core valuesWith 120 pages of bibliographical notes you could really dig into this topic Myself I think I need to Gypsy World: The Silence of the Living and the Voices of the Dead let all this settle a bit As I said it is creepy and unsettling There is nothing that has made me frightened of the prospect of Donald Trump as US President than reading this book This is not because the book mentions Trump it is a safe Trumpess read but because the detailed image Schneier draws of the NSA and its frenemies Google Apple and other tech companies not to mention ow profile security start ups offers a truly terrifying secret police state able not only to know what we are thinking but also to shape a truly terrifying secret police state able not only to know what we are thinking but also to shape Schneier s moderate chatty factual tone counteracts the dystopian future content but of course this simply reinforces the dawning realisation that we are at the dawn of technologystatecorporate alliances that could fundamentally change how democracy and society workThe spine of the book is Schneier drawing on various sources he heavily uses Snowden s eaked info but also records from various court cases journalistic investigations and his own work all meticulously footnoted for easy self research to explain how data is collected stored traded and used by governments and corporations The strength of the book though the thing that will make it worth reading Crisis and Continuity at the Abbasid Court: Formal and Informal Politics in the Caliphate of Al-Muqtadir (295-320/908-32) long after this info is out of date is Schneier s clear understanding of why this occurs how mass surveillance is about social control whether that is exerted to stop us protesting or taking drugs or to sell us things we don t need Schneier carefully demolishes the myth that surveillance fights terrorism devastatingly he asserts with footnotes that not a single terrorist attack has been prevented through mass surveillance techniues all pre emptive arrests have been the result of old fashioned targeted investigation techniues This makes sense he points out mass surveillance creates a huge amount of signal noise in the context of very rare very secretive crime If you areooking for a needle in a haystack the Silvers Edge last thing you want to do is pile on aot hayBut mass surveillance works very well for social control And yes there is the standard panopticon reference here But Schneier points out that knowing that everywhere we go we are captured on camera that if Trump became president and wanted a ist of every person who attended a migrant rights rally ast year and their personal details and hell breakfast cereal preferences this would be a trivial reuest for the NSA this changes the way we start to behave In this context Schneier even talks about the importance of Going Berserk law breaking in changing stupidaws with reference to LGBTI rights marijuana egalisation etc Even if we could assume that surveillance was only used to enforce perfect compliance with the aw this would stunt our growth as a society our capacity to adjust and developBut even scarier is the trade and exploitation of personal data to interested stakeholders So if you make baby formula and you want a Come Hell or High Water: Feminism and the Legacy of Armed Conflict in Central America list of potential customers you would pay handsomely for aist of Autobiography and Other Writings low income working pregnant women whoack any maternity eave for example a key target market Or maybe a ist of gullible seniors for Unbeatable Mind (3rd Edition): Forge Resiliency and Mental Toughness to Succeed at an Elite Level (English Edition) eBook: Mark Divine: Amazon.fr: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l. legal scam artists This exists and someone was actually prosecuted for selling it based on browser data obtainedegally Or maybe you want to sell your 16 airbag bulletproof six figure car to people who ost oved ones in car accidents schneier lost Apocalyptic Cartography: Thematic Maps and the End of the World in a Fifteenth-Century Manuscript loved ones in car accidents Schneier scariest content for me was the swirl of data between commercial exploiters and the government on the one hand the NSA could be assumed to have free rein access to Google and Apple metadata pretty much everything moving through smart phone. S articles and advertisements we each see but also the prices we’re offered Governments use surveillance to discriminate censor chill free speech and put people in danger worldwide And both sides share this information with each other or even worseose it to cybercriminals in huge data breachesMuch of this is voluntary we cooperate with corporate surveillance because it promises us convenience and we submit to government surveillance because it promises us protection The result is a mass surveillance society of.