EBOOK READ (Representation Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices Culture Media and Identities Series) ☆ Stuart Hall
Ment that is integrated in that process which is much complex and not to be taken for granted In that respect the sent message could be in the form of a visual image or a word that may appear as having no deeper interpretation or ulterior motive but Hall determines that there is "much going on behind what we see in "going on behind what we see in an image or a word and that this process reflects and reproduces images of dominance While the sender message receiver is not a natural process as it had been
deemed to be yet it does become naturalized by means of people s to be yet it does become naturalized by means of people s of perceiving that reality In other words what we think of as natural is not in fact naturally defined but it may get to be defined as standard charged with cultural and ideological directives Our learning and getting used to those social conducts is what makes the process seem natural to us ven though it in fact is not so The audience is then inclined to take those seemingly natural dominant messages that are in fact constructed and reinforced There is a level of manipulation then that goes on in this message making process Societies pick certain meanings that they favor over others and structures of discourse get to be based on preference The ways in which dominant meanings are created often obscurely to the audience that deems them as natural would involve a decoding of messages to determine their denotation vs connotation This would make a perfect textbook for an intro to cultural studies course Hall Did the Greeks Believe in Their Myths? et al disseminate some complex information in media and visual culture in a very basic and lucid manner Interesting ideas on representation through mass communication but reading this is 2013 makes me see the need for a major update It s a bit complicated to sum upvery concept I ve discovered in this book or very propositiontheory it advances That I have some reservations about There are 6 chapters The first one might be the most important one to the reader who doesn t know about Saussure Roland Barthes and Foucault Particularly his ideas about Discoursepower The second discusses representation of the factual in documentaries and their relationships with Reality Shows The third is about museums as a media for anthropological representation The fourth analyses the representation of black people in the western discourse The fifth doesn t really matter And the last one is about Soap Operas as a gendered genreSometimes I felt some parts could have been a lot asier to read some ideas redundant and some arguments weak For Codependent Forevermore: The Invention of Self in a Twelve Step Group example it suggests it cannot use Foucault s theory because it doesn t recognize the natural resistance of the receivers of the discoursepower Well I guess that resistance is some other discoursepower But anyway it was fun and tiring to read and I thank the person who gave it to me This work clearly defines representation and gives the reader an understanding of how variouslements language culture gender genre tc act as variables in affecting and altering the meaning and concept of representation The book also provides a detailed critiue on how language participates heavily in the meaning production and mass reception The knowledge in this work is heavy yet thought provoking Very asy to comprehend introduction and learning the basic tools of cultural theory and practice case by case Stuart Hall is the founder of the Birmingham school of thought in liberal arts and cultural studies and the field was just Conscience and Memory emerging at the point of this publication. Utting across various technologies and formats in which 'the real' or the authentic makes an appearance offers newxercises new readings new images and xamples for a new generation of studentsThis book will once again prove an indispensible resource for students and teachers in cultural and media studie. ,
Great reference book for the study of visual culture Highly recommended for "anyone studying theory or criticism sociology is currently totally kicking my ass "studying theory or criticism sociology is currently totally kicking my ass NOTES FROM PREVIOUS STUDYIntroduction culture is about shared meanings with language as central to meaning and culture where language games are common circuit of culture representation identity production consumption regulation an individual s facial xpression who I am identity what I am feeling motions what group I feel I belong to attachment creating meaning about individuals through representation the words we use about them the stories we tell about them the images of them we produce the motions we associate with them the ways we classify and conceptualise them the values we place on them semiotic approach the science of signs the how of representation discourse approach where meaning representation and culture are constitutive its ffectsconseuences polities does visual language reflect a truth about the world which is already there or does it produce meanings about the world through representing it the book interprets practices of signifying what does the image mean what is the ad saying how does context affect meaning how does relations of power affect meaningChapter 1 The Work of Representations Stuart Hall 3 approaches in xploring the connection between representation meaning and language to culture reflective objects people Education in a New Society events intentional meaning constructionist language Constructionist approach shared culture of meanings is the most common in Cultural Studies Representation to describe depict portray symbolise substitute stand for System of representation system objects people andvents ordered into concepts in our mind which represent aspects of the world nabling us to refer to things both inside and outside our heads Pierce icon visual signs index written or spoken signs symbol Codes fix the relationship between language and signs stabilising meaning between different languages and cultures Cultural codes are fixed on a linguistic level but fluid on a socio cultural level Reflective approach treats language functions like a mirror A rose is a rose is a rose Gertrude Stein mimesis the imitation of nature Intentional approach the speakerauthor imposes their uniue meaning on the
world through language words mean what the author intends Constructionist approach must notthrough language words mean what the author intends Constructionist approach must not material world with symbolic practices and processes where representation meaning and language operate It is not the material world which conveys meaning it is the language system we are using to represent our concepts Meanings have been assigned in our culture by the code governing the chosen language ie traffic lights Meaning is relational Representation is the production of meaning through language Arbitrary no natural relationship between the sign and its meaning or concept Saussure Structuralist principle sign objectthing signifier physical xistence soundwordimage signified the mental concept Pierce objectreferent representationsignifier interpretantsignified Barthes mythologies orders of signification first order realitydenotation bridging order sign signifier signified second order culture connotation and myth Derrida argued that difference can never be wholly captured by any binary system 1981 cultural studies can become self defeating by becoming tied up in circle of meaning knots Hegel dialectic approach the piphanies of knowledge and me. Since 1997 Representation has been the key go to textbook for students learning the tools to uestion and critically analyze institutional and media texts and images This long awaited Second Edition update and refreshes the approach to theories of representation by signalling key developments in the field. ,
Aning found in debates of conflict Gramsci refers to systems of power as hegemony knowledge linked to power not only assumes the authority of the truth but has the power to make itself
TRUEFOUCAULT DISCURSIVE APPROACH TO REPRESENTATION CONCEPTdiscursive approach to representation concept discourse issue of power and knowledge uestion of the subject He prioritised relations and historical context of power over relations of meaning and language Foucault believes that semiotics is ahistorical Believed discursive formations sustained a regime of truth Considered veryone both oppressors and oppressed in circulation of power beyond a feudal construct In The Subject and Power 1982 Foucault discussed the two meanings of the term subject subject to someone s control and dependence and tied to one s own identity by a conscience and self "KNOWLEDGE IN RELATION TO POWER ALL "in relation to power all subject positions In The Order of Things 1970 Foucault discusses Velasuez s Las Meninas and uestions on representation the painting has no one fixed or final meaning Foucault reads painting in terms of representation and the subject the underlying message is its subtext representation is not about the true reflection or imitation of reality its meaning depends on how we read it the subject position for the spectator subject Chapter 2 Francis Bonner deals with Documentary Film and Television and does not connect with A Level Media Studies like it does with A Level Film Studies so this review will skip an analysis for nowChapter 3 The Poetics and the Politics of Exhibiting Other Cultures1 Introduction2 Establishing Definitions Negotiating Meanings Discerning Objects3 Fashioning Cultures The Politics of Exhibiting4 Captivating Cultures The Politics of Exhibiting5 Devising New Models Museums and their futuresChapter 4 The Spectacle of the Other Stuart Hall1 Introduction2 Racializing the Other 3 Stage Racial Difference And the melody lingered on 4 Stereotyping as a Signifying Practice5 Contesting a Racialized Regime of RepresentationChapter 5 Exhibiting Masculinity Sean Nixon1 Introduction2 Conceptualizing Masculinity3 Discourse and Representation4 Visual codes of Masculinity5 Spectatorship and Subjectivization6 Consumption and SpectatorshipChapter 6 Gender and Gender The Case of Soap Opera1 Introduction2 Representation and Media Fictions3 Mass Culture and Gendered Culture4 Genre Representation and Soap Opera5 Genres for Women The case of soap opera This book is very insightful Like some other articles and cultural theories by Stuart Hall it The Baby Swap Miracle encourages criticalyes and mind to think about where meaningcomes from in veryday lifeKnowledge or meaning is represented and manipulated by power and interest Hall is pretty cool I often find myself thinking about what he says regarding identity being not so much about what is but what about what is becomingNotes from strat commHall delves into the uestion of how meaning is produced also through way of internalization and clarifies that messages in and of themselves have no ffect unless meaning is stablished from them Hall sees that there had previously been a rather simplistic understanding of message in the way that it had been tied to sender message receiver He demonstrates that there is going on in that process There is a level of command that is intrinsic within that process The regarding of sender message receiver process is by no means natural Even though the process may appear to be a literal interpretation yet there is an analytic le. Addresses the mergence of new technologies and formats of representation from the internet and the digital revolution to reality TV includes an ntirely new chapter on celebrity culture and personalisation to debates about representation and democracy and involve illustrations of an intertextual nature .